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Discriminative Ability of Montreal Cognitive Assessment Subtests and... » Isaúde
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Alzheimer Disease and Associated Disorders
2019-07-01 05:00:00

Discriminative Ability of Montreal Cognitive Assessment Subtests and Items in Racial and Ethnic Minority Groups

Descrição: Introduction: The Montreal Cognitive Assessment (MoCA) is a popular screening tool for Mild Cognitive Impairment (MCI). The psychometric properties of the MoCA have not been widely examined in minority groups. We aimed to analyze the discriminate ability of subtests and items by race and ethnicity given gold-standard clinical diagnosis of cognitive status. Methods: We analyzed data from the National Alzheimer Coordinating Center Uniform Data Set March 2018 data freeze. Stepwise regression was used to determine which subtests predicted cognitive status (normal cognition, MCI, or dementia), by race/ethnicity. Item discrimination and difficulty was calculated by race/ethnicity and cognitive status. Results: In our sample (n=3895), with an average age of 69.7, 80.7% were non-Hispanic white, 15.0% were non-Hispanic black, and 4.2% were Hispanic. Among non-Hispanic whites all subtests, education, and age predicted clinician diagnosis, while visuospatial/executive, attention, language, delayed recall, and orientation subtests were predictive among non-Hispanic blacks and visuospatial/executive, delayed recall, and orientation subtests and education were predictive among Hispanics. Item discrimination and difficulty varied by race/ethnicity and cognitive status. Conclusions: By understanding the psychometric properties of MoCA subtests, we can focus on subtests that have higher discrimination and more diagnostic utility. Subtests should be further evaluated for use in screening of minority individuals.

Seção: Original Articles
Volume: 0
Autor: Walter, Stefan; Dufouil, Carole; Gross, Alden L.; Jones, Richard N.; Mungas, Dan; Filshtein, Teresa J.; Manly, Jennifer J.; Arpawong, Thalida E.; Glymour, M. Maria

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