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The Accuracy of INECO Frontal Screening in the Diagnosis of Executive... » Isaúde
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Alzheimer Disease and Associated Disorders
2018-10-01 05:00:00

The Accuracy of INECO Frontal Screening in the Diagnosis of Executive Dysfunction in Frontotemporal Dementia and Alzheimer Disease

Descrição: Introduction: Executive dysfunction is a common symptom in neurodegenerative disorders and is in need of easy-to-apply screening tools that might identify it. The aims of the present study were to examine some of the psychometric characteristics of the Brazilian version of the INECO frontal screening (IFS), and to investigate its accuracy to diagnose executive dysfunction in dementia and its accuracy to differentiate Alzheimer disease (AD) from the behavioral variant of frontotemporal dementia (bvFTD). Methods: Patients diagnosed with bvFTD (n=18) and AD (n=20), and 15 healthy controls completed a neuropsychological battery, the Neuropsychiatric Inventory, the Cornell Scale for Depression in Dementia, the Clinical Dementia Rating, and the IFS. Results: The IFS had acceptable internal consistency (-=0.714) and was significantly correlated with general cognitive measures and with neuropsychological tests. The IFS had adequate accuracy to differentiate patients with dementia from healthy controls (AUC=0.768, cutoff=19.75, sensitivity=0.80, specificity=0.63), but low accuracy to differentiate bvFTD from AD (AUC=0.594, cutoff=16.75, sensitivity=0.667, specificity=0.600). Conclusion: The present study suggested that the IFS may be used to screen for executive dysfunction in dementia. Nonetheless, it should be used with caution in the differential diagnosis between AD and bvFTD.

Seção: Original Articles
Volume: 0
Autor: Nguyen, Madeline T.; Mattek, Nora; Woltjer, Randy; Howieson, Diane; Silbert, Lisa; Hofer, Scott; Kaye, Jeffrey; Dodge, Hiroko; Erten-Lyons, Deniz

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