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Knee Rotational Stability During Pivoting Movement Is Restored After... » Isaúde
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American Journal of Sports Medicine
2011-05-05 23:07:21

Knee Rotational Stability During Pivoting Movement Is Restored After Anatomic Double-Bundle Anterior Cruciate Ligament Reconstruction

Assunto: Reconstruction, Operative, Kinematics and kinetics

Descrição: Background: The restoration of knee rotational stability after anatomic double-bundle anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) reconstruction has been demonstrated in the cadaveric model and with passive stress tests on humans but not yet with dynamic functional biomechanical tests performed by human participants. Purpose: To prospectively investigate the range of tibial rotation of ACL-deficient and ACL-reconstructed knees during a pivoting task. The authors hypothesized that there would be a significant increase in tibial internal rotation in the ACL-deficient knee compared with the contralateral knee and that the increased rotation would return to normal after anatomic double-bundle ACL reconstruction. Study Design: Case series; Level of evidence, 4. Methods: Ten men with unilateral ACL injury performed a high-demand jump-landing and pivoting task before and after ACL reconstruction with mean follow-up of 11 months. The range of tibial rotation of the injured, reconstructed, and intact knees during the pivoting movement was measured by an optical motion analysis system. Paired t tests were performed to investigate any significant difference between the 2 limbs preoperatively and postoperatively and within the injured limb before and after the surgical treatment. Statistical significance was set at P < .05. Results: The range of tibial rotation was higher in the ACL-deficient knee (12.6° ± 4.5°) than in the intact knee (7.9° ± 3.1°) preoperatively (P < .05). The increased rotation was reduced in the reconstructed knee (8.9° ± 3.0°) after ACL reconstruction versus the intact knee postoperatively (8.2° ± 2.6°) (P < .05). There was no significant difference in the tibial rotation between the intact knee and the reconstructed knee postoperatively (P > .05). Conclusion: As assessed with a dynamic functional pivoting movement, the anatomic double-bundle ACL reconstruction successfully restores knee rotational stability from an impaired level.

Identificador: i
Editorial: American Orthopaedic Society for Sports Medicine
Seção: research-article
Número: 5
Volume: 39
Página: 1032 a 1038
Autor: Lam, M.-H., Fong, D. T.-P., Yung, P. S.-H., Ho, E. P.-Y., Fung, K.-Y., Chan, K.-M.

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