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Physical-chemical and microbiological changes in Cerrado Soil under... » Isaúde
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BMC microbiology [electronic resource]
2012-08-09 03:29:29

Physical-chemical and microbiological changes in Cerrado Soil under differing sugarcane harvest management systems

Descrição: Background:Sugarcane cultivation plays an important role on Brazilian economy, and it is expanding fast manly due the increasing demanding for ethanol production. In order to understand the impact of sugarcane cultivation and management, we studied two treatments cropped with sugarcane under different management regimes (pre-harvest burn and mechanical, unburnt harvest, or green cane), next to a control treatment with native vegetation. The soil bacterial community structure (including the evaluation of the diversity of the ammonia oxidizing (amoA) and dentrifying (nirK) genes), greenhouse gas flow and several soil physicochemical properties were evaluated.Results:Our results indicate that sugarcane cultivation in this region resulted in changes in several soil properties. Moreover, such changes are reflected in the soil microbiota. On the other hand, no significant influence of soil management on greenhouse gas fluxes was found. However, we did find a relationship between the biological changes and the dynamics of soil nutrients. In particular, the burnt cane and green cane treatments had distinct modifications. There were significant differences in the structure of the total bacterial, the ammonia oxidizing and the denitrifying bacterial communities, being that these groups responded differently to the changes in the soil. A combination of physical and chemical factors was correlated to the changes in the structures of the total bacterial community of the soil. The changes in the structures of the functional groups follow a different pattern than the physicochemical variables. The latter might indicate a strong influence of interactions among different bacterial groups in the N cycle, emphasizing the importance of biological factors in the structuring of these communities.Conclusion:Sugarcane land use significantly impacted the structure of total selected soil bacterial communities and ammonia oxidizing and denitrifier genes diversity in a Cerrado field site in Central Brazil. A high impact of land use was observed in soil under the common burnt cane management. The green cane soil also presented different profiles compared to the control soil, but to at a lesser degree.

Identificador: doi:10.1186/1471-2180-12-170
Volume: 0
Página: 1 a


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