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BMC microbiology [electronic resource]
2012-08-02 09:27:48

Production of fungal and bacterial growth modulating secondary metabolites is widespread among mycorrhiza-associated streptomycetes

Descrição: Background:Studies on mycorrhiza associated bacteria suggest that bacterial-fungal interactions play important roles during mycorrhiza formation and affect plant health. We surveyed Streptomyces Actinobacteria, known as antibiotic producers and antagonists of fungi, from Norway spruce mycorrhizas with predominantly Piloderma species as the fungal partner.Results:None of the fifteen Streptomyces isolates inhibited all seven tested mycorrhizal and plant pathogenic fungi (Amanita muscaria, Fusarium oxysporum, Hebeloma cylindrosporum, Heterobasidion abietinum, Heterobasidion annosum, Laccaria bicolor, Piloderma croceum). The growth of only one of the tested fungi, the mycorrhiza-forming fungus Laccaria bicolor, was stimulated by the streptomycetes, and Piloderma croceum was only moderately affected. Bacteria responded to the streptomycetes differently than the fungi. For instance the strain Streptomyces sp. AcM11, which inhibited most tested fungi, was less inhibitory to bacteria than other tested streptomycetes. The determined patterns of Streptomyces-microbe interactions were associated with distinct patterns of secondary metabolite production. Notably, potentially novel metabolites were produced by strains that were less antagonistic to fungi. Most of the identified metabolites were antibiotics (e.g. cycloheximide, actiphenol) and siderophores (e.g. ferulic acid, desferroxiamines). Plant disease resistance was activated by a single streptomycete strain only.Conclusions:Our results show that the primary characteristic of mycorrhiza associated streptomycetes is to inhibit the growth of fungi and bacteria. In parallel, our study indicates that Streptomyces strains which are not general antagonists may produce previously un-described metabolites.

Identificador: doi:10.1186/1471-2180-12-164
Volume: 0
Página: 1 a


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