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A novel bacterial symbiont in the nematodeSpirocerca lupi » Isaúde
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BMC microbiology [electronic resource]
2012-07-05 09:35:08

A novel bacterial symbiont in the nematodeSpirocerca lupi

Descrição: Background:The parasitic nematode Spirocerca lupi (Spirurida: Thelaziidae), the canine esophagealworm, is the causative agent of spirocercosis, a disease causing morbidity and mortality indogs. Spirocerca lupi has a complex life cycle, involving an obligatory coleopteranintermediate host (vector), an optional paratenic host, and a definitive canid host. Thediagnosis of spirocercosis is challenging, especially in the early disease stages, when adultworms and clinical signs are absent. Thus, alternative approaches are needed to promote earlydiagnosis. The interaction between nematodes and their bacterial symbionts has recentlybecome a focus of novel treatment regimens for other helminthic diseases.Results:Using 16S rDNA-based molecular methods, here we found a novel bacterial symbiont in S.lupi that is closely related to Comamonas species (Brukholderiales: Comamonadaceae) of thebeta-proteobacteria. Its DNA was detected in eggs, larvae and adult stages of S. lupi. Usingfluorescent in situ hybridization technique, we localized Comamonas sp. to the gut epithelialcells of the nematode larvae. Specific PCR enabled the detection of this symbiont\'s DNA inblood obtained from dogs diagnosed with spirocercosis.Conclusions:The discovery of a new Comamonas sp. in S. lupi increase the complexity of the interactionsamong the organisms involved in this system, and may open innovative approaches fordiagnosis and control of spirocercosis in dogs.

Identificador: doi:10.1186/1471-2180-12-133
Volume: 0
Página: 1 a

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