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publicado em 22/06/2010 às 14h05:00
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Hermann Schatzmayr dies, a leading virologists from Brazil

Hermann died of multiple organ failure at age 74, on Monday (21 / 6), in Rio de Janeiro

 
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Foto: Gutemberg Brito/IOC
Hermann: Just researchers to look out the window and not struggle with the lack of communities around us to discover how much our work is important
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Hermann: Just researchers to look out the window and not struggle with the lack of communities around us to discover how much our work is important

Exponent of the national science, Hermann Gonçalves Schatzmayr outlined a curriculum that has accompanied the history of virology in the country: he studied the influenza pandemic of 1957-8 in Rio de Janeiro, participated in efforts to eradicate smallpox and polio to combat the country, also produced outstanding studies on dengue, including being responsible for the isolation of dengue viruses 1, 2 and 3 in Brazil. Hermann died of multiple organ failure at age 74, on Monday (21 / 6), in Rio de Janeiro.

Researcher at the Oswaldo Cruz Foundation for nearly half a century, Hermann joined Fiocruz in 1961, where he served since then, moving away only during periods abroad for study. For over 30 years headed the Department of Virology at the Instituto Oswaldo Cruz (IOC / Fiocruz), which gave rise to many centers of national and international reference. He served as president of the institution between 1990 and 1992, when he created the FioSaúde (health plan under the management of social security institution FioPrev Fiocruz). Member of the Brazilian Academy of Veterinary Medicine and the Brazilian Academy of Sciences, he joined several international committees of the World Health Organization (WHO).

Carioca, the son of an Austrian father, Schatzmayr graduated in Veterinary Medicine at the Universidade Federal Rural do Rio de Janeiro in the 50s. During the course, was the chair of Microbiology monitor. At the suggestion of a teacher, he enrolled in the Course of Microbiology, University of Brazil (now Federal do Rio de Janeiro) and became a student of second class. The training earned him a scholarship opportunity as a laboratory of Virology at the university. During this period, studied samples of a great influenza epidemic that occurred in Rio between 1957 and 1958.

In 1960, through teachers, won a scholarship at the Institute of Hygiene, University of Vienna, Austria, where he published his first scientific papers. Back in Brazil in 1961, he joined the newly assembled team of Poliomyelitis Laboratory Institute Oswaldo Cruz, Manguninhos. At the time only researcher in the field of virology at the institution, developed research that included the isolation and identification of the polio virus and the study of outbreaks. Shortly afterwards, he led the team responsible for the dilution and distribution of oral polio vaccine that had just been adopted by Brazil and was imported in concentrated form for the country.

For three decades, served as coordinator of the Institute of Virology of the Oswaldo Cruz and was in charge of research projects related, in addition to polio, smallpox, rubella and other viruses. In the 80s, when the dengue epidemic has worried some countries in Latin America, he devoted himself to studying the virus, isolating the first types 1, 2 and 3 in the country. At that time, already had the fellowship, also in the laboratory, the wife Ortrud Monika Barth, a researcher at Fiocruz, with whom he was married for 49 years.

In late 1990, began to investigate cases of pox in animals and humans. It is the emergence of a disease caused by the smallpox vaccine virus. Thus, after many years, returned to study virus vaccine project that had been dedicated today. In 2009, he launched a book on virology The state of Rio de Janeiro a global vision, in partnership with the researcher Maulori Cabral, Federal University of Rio de Janeiro (UFRJ). The publication, which has insisted that Hermann was made freely available on the Internet, presents a global and historical perspective of this research field in the state, from its earliest recorded facts to the modern epidemics.

In the last interview, Hermann left a message: Enough researchers to look out the window and not struggle with the lack of communities around us to discover how much our work is important. I have always worked with a focus on disease, the patient and the lack of our population. Schatzmayr leaves a wife, two sons, five grandchildren, generations of students and a legion of admirers inside and outside the Fiocruz.

France

Source: FIOCRUZ
   Palavras-chave:   Hermann Gonçalves Schatzmayr    Grief    Virology    FIOCRUZ    Pandemic    Flu   
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