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47% of male drug users have sexual dysfunction

UNIAD Study showed that the index is greater than double when compared to the average of the population

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Study conducted with 215 people being treated for addiction to alcohol and other drugs indicates that 47% of men have sexual dysfunction. Much larger number than that found by the study of Brazilian Sexual Life (BSLS) conducted in 2004 with 7,103 Brazilians, in which the prevalence of the problem among males was 18.2%.

According to Alessandra Diehl, Coordinator of Nursing Chemical Dependency Unit of Research on Alcohol and Drugs (UNIAD)), Federal University of São Paulo (UNIFESP) and author of the survey, the number is rather significant and could be confronted with the population general. Among the major problems reported by respondents, leading to premature ejaculation, reaching 39% of them, followed by decreased sexual desire (19%), difficulty with erection (12%), delayed ejaculation (8%) and pain during intercourse (4 %).

The psychiatrist explains that smoking, alcoholism and drug addiction as marijuana, cocaine and crack are important risk factors for the development of sexual dysfunctions, especially erectile dysfunction in men. Alcohol and nicotine, for example, promote changes in vascular architecture across the board, hitting vital organs to perform sexually, he says. Since the cocaine, despite increasing libido, ends, with its chronic use, causing the opposite effect.

Other drugs of abuse such as ecstasy, crystal and gamma-hydroxybutyric acid (GHB), also known as Good Night, Cinderella, increase libido and, therefore, are very popular. However, Alessandra warning that chronic use tends to weaken the sexual desire and search for these drugs becomes more to relieve withdrawal symptoms than the pleasure itself.

Nearing promiscuity

A fact which also attracted the attention of researchers was that sexual risk behavior among respondents. And 41% did not use condoms during intercourse and 27% occasionally use the average of sexual partners reported was five per year. Almost twice the level recommended by the World Health Organization (WHO), which is three per year for non-promiscuous behavior. In general Brazilian population found in the average was 1.47 EVSB partnerships between women and 2.96 among men.

According to the researcher, one of the main reasons for the search for new or multiple partnerships emotional and sexual relationship with this population has the characteristics of polydrug users and / or crack, which show extreme impulsivity and poor risk assessment, in urgent need of satisfaction shown. One hypothesis is also that the vast majority of these individuals provide some degree of damage to the prefrontal lobe of the brain responsible for our ability to organize and make decisions, he says. The failure to use condoms or sporadic use is another behavior that shows concern, because we have altogether 68% of individuals who need assistance and guidance to reduce risks.

Differentiated service

Although they realize that something is wrong in your sex life, only 12% of drug users seeking medical help and 12% attribute the problem to the use of psychoactive substances.

Alessandra is paramount to join efforts for early intervention in these subjects in order to minimize damage. However, according to her, the vast majority of services for drug addicts do not have in its grid of therapeutic interventions, the proposed sexual health education in a systematic way.

About a year, UNIAD of Sao Bernardo do Campo is dedicated to the theme. Weekly a psychologist and an occupational therapist discuss in an entertaining, educational and scientific truths and myths about condom use, sexually transmitted diseases, pregnancy, contraceptive methods, dating and marriage. When we identify a sexual problem in patients, it is treated individually, with accompanying disciplinary or with medications, if any.


Profile of sexual behavior of drug addicts

47% reported some sexual difficulty

5 sexual partners is the average over the last year

3 is the average sex per week

87% had sexual activity in the last 12 months

90% are heterosexual

36% had homosexual experiences

15% had homosexual experiences related to the purchase or exchange for drugs

41% do not use condoms, and 23% occasionally use

49% evaluate how good your sexual performance

31% had an STD (sexually transmitted disease)

56% are single


   Palavras-chave:   Drugs    Sexual Dysfunction    UNIAD    UNIFESP    Good Night Cinderella BSLS   
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