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publicado em 12/11/2013 às 12h26:00
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Research associates apnea in children with poor dental training

The changes will be analyzed by means of a cephalometric radiograph examination and polysomnography

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Result of post-doctoral thesis at the School of Medical Sciences (FCM), Unicamp, research has shown that sleep apnea in children may be linked to poor dental training.

The researcher Almiro José Machado Júnior is evaluating for children 7 to 11 years possible changes in the dental bone structure, which can provide clues about the existence of the syndrome of obstructive sleep apnea.

The likely changes will be analyzed through an examination of cephalometric radiography. The evaluation indicate variations in the bony face of patients. A malocclusion can be one of the factors that are predisposing to sleep apnea, says Almiro Machado. We will propose and evaluate the use of a device jaw. We believe that dental treatment that promotes changes in bone structure can be effective in dental disease intervention.

The proposed therapy after diagnosis of the syndrome is based on functional jaw orthopedics. The use of removable appliance will allow for mandibular advancement and retraction of the lip with change in posture of the tongue, the dentist explains. Some children participating in the study are already using this device. The idea is to evaluate whether it has efficiency in treating the disease, he adds.

In adults this syndrome is well known. The problems of stress, work and sleep in car accidents due to falling asleep already have been related to sleep apnea. In children early diagnosis is critical, since the disease leads to a physical impairment and psychomotor alert.

Polysomnography <b> </ b>

Before evaluating possible bone, patients are undergoing polysomnography. This is a gold standard test to identify apnea. We're still at the stage of selection of volunteers to carry out investigations. Although not invasive, is a difficult exam to be done, a lot of work, especially in children, admits the dentist.

Through sensors, examination records, during sleep, the brain electrical activity, eye movements, tone facial muscles, heart rate, respiratory effort and flow, blood oxygenation, snoring and body position.

Some assessments have been conducted in patients' homes, with a portable device, and elsewhere in the Hospital de Clinicas (HC) of Unicamp. According Almiro Machado is increasingly strong trend of home monitoring of sleep.

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syndrome of obstructive sleep apnea    sleep apnea    Unicamp    poor tooth formation    Almiro José Machado Júnior    health   
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