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publicado em 11/11/2013 às 10h08:00
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Increased global campaign against polio will immunize 20 million in the Middle East

 
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The World Health Organization (WHO) and the United Nations Fund for Children (UNICEF) launched are the largest global campaign against polio vaccination in seven countries and territories of the Middle East.

The campaign, launched a week after the region declared emergency polio, aims to vaccinate over 20 million children against the disease.

UNICEF bought 1.3 billion doses of oral polio vaccine (OPV), a number that is expected to reach 1.7 billion by the end of the year.

The project includes an intensive vaccination campaign for six months and complete monitoring until global eradication of the disease.

The chief of the Unicef, Peter Crowley, said that the polio outbreak in Syria shows that the disease poses a threat to children in all parts of the globe.

More than 650,000 children were vaccinated against Syrian polio and several other diseases, including more than 115,000 in Deir-ez-Zor province where the outbreak was confirmed last week.

This is the first time since 1999 that the country has a case of polio. According to the authorities, so far, 10 children were paralyzed Syrian because the strongest type virus.

Experts said that the virus strain found in Syria is the same detected in Egypt and Israel.

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The region recorded no case of the disease for nearly a decade, but in the last 12 months poliovirus was detected in Egypt, Israel, the West Bank and Gaza Strip. Still on the list are Iraq, Jordan, Turkey and Syria.

The polio virus usually affects children in places without any health conditions. Transmission is by personal contact or by consumption of food contaminated with feces.

The disease attacks the nervous system and can kill or cause paralysis. Health authorities claim that for every case of polio recorded, 200 other children may be infected.

There is no cure for polio and the disease can only be prevented through vaccination. Since 1988, vaccination campaigns reduced cases of polio by more than 99% worldwide. Experts say the disease is heading to be eradicated.

Source: Isaude.net
   Palavras-chave:   Polio    Anti-polio    Middle East    WHO    UNICEF    OPV    Peter Crowley    Health   
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