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publicado em 10/10/2013 às 10h10:00
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About 80% of vision problems could be prevented or cured

On World Sight Day, WHO warns that 90% of people with vision problems are in developing countries

 
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Foto: Milton Michida/Governo do Estado de São Paulo
About 246 million people suffer from moderate or severe loss of vision, 90% of them in developing countries
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About 246 million people suffer from moderate or severe loss of vision, 90% of them in developing countries

On World Sight Day, celebrated on Thursday (10), the World Health Organization warns that there are 39 million blind people in the world and that 80% of vision problems can be prevented or cured if taken the necessary measures.

According to WHO, about 246 million people suffer from moderate or severe loss of vision, 90% of them in developing countries.

The agency estimates that 19 million children under 15 have visual problems. Of this total, 12 million suffer from conditions that could be easily diagnosed and corrected. Nearly 1.5 million of these children will never again see and 30% of them will die before reaching the age of two.

Early diagnosis of visual problems is particularly important for children in developing countries who suffer from the consequences of malnutrition combined with infectious diseases. Sub-Saharan Africa thousands of infants not receiving vitamin A suficiententemente. The lack of this vitamin is the largest known cause of irreversible loss of vision.

The NGO "Light of the World", a partner of WHO in combating blindness, vitamin A supplements sends to Africa in an attempt to save the children of the problem.

According to the organization, each food catastrophe in Africa brings a wave of blindness. Water shortages and hunger are also causes of vision loss, especially among women and children.

<b> Effort World </ b>

Even with record falls in rates since 1990, the WHO says global effort is needed to reverse the current situation. During the World Health Assembly approved an action plan for universal access to eye health, which must be implemented by member countries. The goal is to reduce by 25% the visual problems until 2019.

A highlight in this plan are cataract surgeries. The UN agency says that the surgery performed in the most industrialized countries, is one of the most effective and having treatment with the best cost-benefit.

Source: Isaude.net
   Palavras-chave:   Vision problems    World Sight Day    WHO    Blindness    Cataracts    Light of the World      
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