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publicado em 20/09/2013 às 12h15:00
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Research conducted in 245 municipalities inhabitants assesses drug use in Brazil

Data will be collected on tablets homes and health facilities and passed in real time to the research institute

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The National Survey on Access, Use and Promotion of Rational Use of Drugs (PNAUM), will interview, from this second reason Monday (223) 38 400 people in 245 municipalities, on topics such as the use of drugs, access the products in the Unified Health System (SUS), rational use of medicines and self-medication.

The survey is divided into two steps. The first, which begins next week, will be held in the homes of the 26 states and the Federal District. Interviewers identified with badges and the cover letter from the Ministry of Health, will question the habits and even check what medications the population has at home. The questionnaire will be answered on a tablet and transmitted in real time to the research institute.

The second part of the application will be PNAUM questionnaire in Basic Health Units (BHU) and the local delivery of drugs such services. At this stage, health secretaries, municipal coordinators of pharmaceutical services, responsible for the distribution of medicines in pharmacies linked to SUS, doctors and users will also be interviewed. The focus will be the operation of services of pharmaceutical care.

The research will also reveal how is access to these products in the SUS, the People's Pharmacy program and the private drugstores if people follow medical prescriptions and remain in drug treatment if there is variation in access to medicines in accordance with conditions social, economic and demographic characteristics, and evaluation of services for pharmaceutical care in primary care and rational drug use population.

The public respondent will be divided by gender, education and in seven age groups - from children to seniors. The information will be transmitted in real time by tablets and is expected in early 2014, the study information is already available.

To the Secretary of Science, Technology and Strategic Inputs of the Ministry of Health, Carlos Gadelha, search results will enable to know the habits of the population and enable the rational use of medicines. Over the last five years, there were almost 60,000 admissions for drug poisoning. The research will provide an assessment of the relation of the population with the remedy and show that we can still improve. Already increased the supply of drugs and the budget for the purchase of drugs rose nearly six times in the last ten years. We want to ensure that all people know that treatment is available and how to do it in the safest way possible, he said.

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The 140 interviewers will be in the field to collect data that will be analyzed by research professors from 12 partner institutions of the Ministry: Federal Universities of Rio Grande do Sul (UFRGS), Minas Gerais (UFMG), Ceará (UFC), Brasilia (UNB) , Santa Catarina (UFSC), Bahia (UFBA), São Paulo (Unifesp), Pelotas (UFPel) and Campinas (Unicamp), Faculty of Medicine, Santa Casa de São Paulo, Fundação Oswaldo Cruz (Fiocruz) and the Pan American Health Organization (PAHO).

Coordination of the work will be the responsibility of the Federal Universities of Rio Grande do Sul (UFRGS) and Minas Gerais (UFMG). It is very important universities are working together with the Ministry of Health to improve the Health System, the NHS, said the vice-chancellor of UFRGS, Rui Oppermann.

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