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publicado em 17/09/2013 às 11h37:00
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Violence in affective relationship may begin in youth

Research shows that 75% of higher education students in the SP already suffered an episode of violence and 76% had been aggressors

 
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Violence is present in dating young, be it psychological, sexual or physical. Research of the Faculty of Medicine, USP (USP), performed with higher education students in the state of São Paulo, found that 75% of them had experienced at least one episode of violence by a partner and 76% have been aggressors. Forms of psychological violence were the most common being sexual coercion and physical aggression in second place as the most prevalent. The psychologist Tanya Aldrighi Flake, author of the study, found that this age group, there were no differences between men and women as agents and victims of violence.

The data indicated that both genders were aggressors and violence suffered in the same proportion. Querying other research, Tania proved that this mutuality changes in marriage, in which man becomes the primary aggressor, despite the decrease in frequency conjugal violence. According to her, it is a challenge to understand the reason for this step of inversion of a love life to another. There is something in between dating and marital process that brings this woman to a more passive and gives more power to the man, she says, claiming that full, is also in the stage of conjugal that the damage of violence are higher.

The longer dating, the chances of the relationship involving violence. This is another finding of the study that involved 362 students from two universities in the state of São Paulo. The students were chosen because they are privileged people with access to information, and, according to the psychologist, one of the stereotypes that exist is that violence is one of the privileges of the lower classes. The research considered as the psychological emotional blackmail, insults and verbal abuse. Already includes any sexual relationship made without the consent of the two lovers, as well as the threat to this act. Physical violence ranges from pinching, slapping, pushing, throwing objects up.

The space in which the attacks occur is another difference between the two life stages. While violence in marriage happens indoors, international studies indicate that the school is the space in which nearly 50% of assaults happen therefore indicate that school is a place conducive to intervention. Moreover, Tania says prevention programs not only have to happen to man or only to women, have to insert the two.

The research used data collected by psychologist and included in the International Study of Violence in Dating, coordinated by the North American A. Murray Straus, and that includes 38 countries and 67 universities around the world. Compared to international data, the rate of violence was Brazilian average, although physical violence alone have lower expressiveness. Here, this type of aggression accounted for 20% of violent acts, while in the United States, for example, went from 40%.

Acceptance of violence

We have a culture that often trivializes violence, says the psychologist, also evaluated the naturalization of aggression in questionnaires given to students. Moreover, other issues concerned the presence of violent acts during childhood these young people. These factors are important to understand how they are dealing with conflicts in intimate relationships. Tanya explains that, in his youth, the type of conflict resolution begins to settle and tend to be brought to the marriage. The survey results indicate that aggressiveness is present in this type of relationship and the psychologist asks what is being taken to a marital relationship?

For the survey, young people were chosen from various courses, to ensure a balance between men and women. The 362 respondents, volunteers completed questionnaires within the classroom. The research led to the thesis doutoradoViolência in courtship among young university in the state of São Paulo, guided by Lilia Blima Schraiber and co-directed by Paulo Rossi Menezes.

Source: USP
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emotional violence    psychological violence    physical violence    sexual violence    Faculty of Medicine    USP    Tania Aldrighi Flake    health   
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