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publicado em 16/09/2013 às 10h51:00
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According to the study, physicians still confuse bipolar disorder with depression

American studies show that patients with bipolar disorder take up to 14 years to get the correct diagnosis

 
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Bipolar disorder is characterized by mood changes that manifest as depressive episodes alternating with euphoric state
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Bipolar disorder is characterized by mood changes that manifest as depressive episodes alternating with euphoric state

American studies show that patients with bipolar disorder take up to 14 years since the first visit to a psychiatrist to get the correct diagnosis. It is what warns professor of psychiatry at the Medical School of the University of Brasilia, Mary Grace de Oliveira. The expert says that this disorder is often confused with depression because, in most cases, the psychiatrist is sought in the depressive phase of the disease when the symptoms are not very different from depression to which any person is liable.

Bipolar disorder is characterized by mood changes that manifest as depressive episodes alternating with euphoric state, also called mania, and may manifest in varying degrees of intensity. Angela Scippa, president of the Brazilian Association of Bipolar Disorder (ABTB) warns that between 30% and 60% of diagnoses of depression hide a case of bipolar disorder.

Mary Grace explains that the euphoric phase the patient feels well. When you are in hypomania [lightest frame of euphoria], the person does not seek help because it feels good, elated with mental alertness, sense of confidence, over inflated ego, feels more powerful, a state that usually do not take to seek help from a psychiatrist, explains the expert. If the doctor does not ask insistently by the symptom of hypomania, they will not count, so many patients end up receiving a diagnosis of depression, when it is actually bipolar.

These patients have biographies that are true coasters. These are people who go through multiple marriages, which have difficulty in growing professionally, history layoffs or bankruptcy. Each episode of depression or elation mood can have very bad consequences for the life of the patient, said Grace

* Fernando, physical education teacher, 27 years, now know you have bipolar disorder. But at age 13, was diagnosed with depression. In my childhood, before the age of 10, began to show signs of irritability, aggression, began to be taken to psychologists, psychiatrists. Only at 16 was diagnosed with bipolar disorder, she says.

After 11 years of treatment, said Fernando started to notice when entering is in crisis and take steps to control himself and not hurt and offend others. In my time I got to college so strongly assaulting a colleague that he collapsed and ended up in the hospital, I turned the real Hulk [movie character] in bouts of depression, he said. In his case, aggression is a symptom of a depressive episode.

In the phase of euphoria, Fernando account that is playful and full of himself. I literally feel like Superman, you think you can do anything that is unattainable, arriving five people wanting to hit you and think you can deal with them. Lack think you know fly reported.

Angela also says that there are milder cases where people living with the disease for life, without a diagnosis. Some find the disease at age 80, to get an idea. This occurs in individuals who have mild form of the disease and therefore never noticed a need for a treatment. But today with the help of the media, people are more aware and more information in relation to bipolar disorder, which reduces cases of belated discovery explains.

Source: AGÊNCIA BRASIL
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