Science and Technology
publicado em 05/08/2013 às 09h33:00
   Dê o seu voto:

First-ever public tasting of lab-grown Cultured Beef burger

The first step is to extract muscle stem cells from animals, usually from little pieces of fresh cows, pigs or chickens

 
font size
A-
A+
Foto: Maastricht University
No evento o pesquisador vai cozinhar e servir um hambúrguer feito com a nova carne para imprensa e convidados
  « Previous
next »  
No evento o pesquisador vai cozinhar e servir um hambúrguer feito com a nova carne para imprensa e convidados

On Monday 5 August, Professor Mark Post of Maastricht University will present a world first: he will cook and serve a burger made from Cultured Beef in front of an invited audience in London. The event will include a brief explanation of the science behind the burger. You can watch it live on 5 August, starting at 14.00.

Mark Post, Professor of Vascular Physiology and Tissue Engineering at Maastricht University (Faculty of Health, Medicine and Life Sciences) is creating edible meat from stem cells ('in vitro meat'). In October 2011 he launched a new project with the aim of producing an edible hamburger.

The project is a continuation of a 2004 study funded by the Dutch government to the amount of 2 million euros. The study, initiated by mr. W. Van Eelen, wasby a consortium of three universities (UvA, UU and TU/e) and an industry representative (Meester Stegeman BV). The University of Amsterdamfocused on the development of efficient growth media, while the University of Utrecht focused on the isolation of stem cells and their proliferation in muscle cells.

Post (then a part-time professor at the Eindhoven University of Technology) and his research team developed a method to 'train' the muscle cells (in terms of size, not number) through electrical stimulation. The study was finalised in 2009 with tangible results: the researchers were able to cultivate 8x22 mm pieces of meat of 0.5 mmfrom the muscle stem cells of mice, consisting of millions of cells.

There are several crucial steps in the development of 'cultured meat':

The first step is to extract muscle stem cells from animals, usually cows, pigs or chickens. This project uses stem cells obtained from little pieces of freshmuscle for instance obtained through biopsy.

The cells must then multiply, which requires a growth medium. This project uses/experiments with commercially available media, supplemented with calf serum. In the next stage, researchers at the University of Amsterdam work with synthetic mediums or simple and efficient nutrient sources such as algae extracts.

The isolated stem cells must then develop into muscle cells. Because the stem cells are designated muscle precursor cells this process largely happens automatically.

As with natural muscle cells, the cultivated muscle cells 'bulk up' into solid muscle fibres/bundles. To do so, they are affixed to a soluble polymeric sugarand trained by building tension between two anchor points in the bioreactor. This also largerly occurs spontaneously.

As soon as the muscle cells grow in size, it is important that the tissue is continuously supplied with nutrients. For the small, newly formed muscle strands, regularly changing the culture medium suffices. Creating larger slices of meat, however, requires the creation of soluble polymer (sugar chain) duct systems through which a medium can flow, similar to the way blood flows through our veins.

To make the tissue edible, taste and texture must be just right. This should be achieved by recreating the natural consistency of meat (in terms of protein composition, fat tissue, etc.). If this does not produce the desired result, accepted food technology methods are used to improve the taste and texture of the meat.

At the end of this process, the final result is edible muscle tissue that can be ground to create minced meat and, ultimately, a tasty hamburger! Researchers are currently working on enhancing production using existing techniques. Two new projects will soon be launched to cultivate fat tissue and enhance the expression of myoglobin in meat (the oxygen-binding protein found in muscle tissue).

Source: Isaude.net
  • Share this pageShare this page
  • Share this pageCorrect
  • ShareShare
  • AlertAlert
Reduced link: 
  • You are recommending this story: First-ever public tasting of lab-grown Cultured Beef burger
  • Fill in the following form to send your recommendation to your friend:

  • You are suggesting a correction for this story: First-ever public tasting of lab-grown Cultured Beef burger


Receba notícias do iSaúde no seu e-mail de acordo com os assuntos de seu interesse.
Seu nome:
Seu email:
Desejo receber um alerta com estes assuntos:
Culture burger    Cultured Beef    Mark Post    Maastricht University    muscle stem cells    stem cells    little pieces of fresh    health   
Comments:
Comment
Leave your comment
Close
(Required fields are marked with an *)

(Your email address will never be published or shared.)

Enter the letters and numbers below and click in the button "send"

  • Twitter iSaúde
advertising
Informe Saúde printed version

Recommend the portal
Close [X]
  • You are recommending this story: http://www.isaude.net
  • Fill in the following form to send your recommendation to your friend:

RSS news from the portal  iSaúde.net
Get the newsletter of the portal  iSaúde.net
Recommend the portal iSaúde.net
News from  iSaúde.net in your blog or website.
Get news on the subject of your interest.
© 2000-2011 www.isaude.net Todos os direitos reservados.