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publicado em 31/07/2013 às 13h15:00
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Ministry of Health will make 170 000 tests for hepatitis B and C until Friday

The actions are part of the World Day to Combat Viral Hepatitis, celebrated on Sunday (28) in 170 countries

 
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Foto: Erasmo Salomão - ASCOM/MS
Tests for Hepatitis B and C are part of the actions of the World Day to Combat Viral Hepatitis with the slogan
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Tests for Hepatitis B and C are part of the actions of the World Day to Combat Viral Hepatitis with the slogan "Viral Hepatitis: without realizing it, you may have"

As part of the activities marking the World Day to Combat Viral Hepatitis, the Ministry of Health intends to 170,000 tests for hepatitis B and C until the next Friday (2). With the slogan Viral Hepatitis: without realizing it, you may have, the campaign also wants to intensify vaccination against hepatitis B, available by the Unified Health System (SUS).

The government announced the expansion of the public who may receive the hepatitis B vaccine free of charge by the Unified Health System (SUS). Before the age limit was 29 years, this week became 49 years. In 2012, over 15 million people have been immunized against hepatitis B. The population should inform the Secretariat of Health of the municipalities where the tests are being done and immunizations.

The estimate of the Ministry of Health is that 800,000 people are infected with hepatitis B and 1.5 million people with hepatitis C. Hepatitis, a disease that affects the liver, can be caused by viruses, the use of some drugs, by alcohol and autoimmune diseases, metabolic and genetic. The five key types (A, B, C, D and E) are caused by viruses that can pass from one person to another.

There are not always symptoms, but experts warn that fatigue, fever, malaise, dizziness, nausea, vomiting, abdominal pain, yellowing eyes and skin, dark urine and pale stools may be a sign of disease.

Official data of the World Health Organization, 1.4 million people die each year as a result of various forms of hepatitis. Only 37% of the 126 countries surveyed by the organization have strategies for prevention and treatment. The Ministry of Health advises that, in Brazil, the most common viral hepatitis are caused by viruses A, B and C.

In Brazil, currently there are vaccines to prevent hepatitis A and B. The Ministry of Health provides vaccines against hepatitis B in health SUS and hepatitis A Reference centers Immunobiology Special. There is no vaccine against hepatitis C.

Source: AGÊNCIA BRASIL
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