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publicado em 22/07/2013 às 18h32:00
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30 million are at risk of genital mutilation in Africa and Middle East

Despite the ban, half of women between 15 and 49 years still pass through the procedure in countries such as Guinea-Bissau

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A study by the United Nations Fund for Children (UNICEF) says that in the next decade, 30 million girls are at risk of genital mutilation.

The numbers are the result of research conducted in 29 countries in Africa and the Middle East, where the practice is still a reality.

According to the study, in many of the areas surveyed, girls are less likely to practice than 30 years ago. The support given to the practice is declining, even in countries where this occurs universally as Egypt and Sudan

<b> Guinea-Bissau </ b>

The exception to the downward trend comes from countries such as Guinea-Bissau and Senegal. An opposite trend is observed in almost all nations with moderate prevalence cited in the report "The Mutilation / Female Genital Incision: A vision Statistics and Exploration of the Dynamics of Change."

The survey also cites a study on the ethnic group of Guinea Mandingas establishing a relationship between the act, ethnic identities and Islamic. Circumcision is regarded in the community as a prerequisite for the ritual purity needed for prayer and sign pertenção group.

The official programs of the UN Fund for Population Activities in Guinea-Bissau, Candida Gomes Lopes said that the approach to discourage the practice begins to change in the country.

"We will not somenter say 'you must stop', but there are a number of other activities that are supporting changing this scenario. Actions that are being developed at the local level that leads people to understand the need to abandon FGM," said .

The document shows that the Portuguese-speaking nation, 18% of Guineans already undergone the procedure underwent incision after 15 years. It is estimated that half of all girls and women between 15 and 49 have undergone female genital mutilation in the country, which in 2011 passed a law banning the procedure.

Despite the overall drop in the number of supporters of the practice, UNICEF estimates that, worldwide, more than 125 million girls and women have undergone female genital mutilation.

The report highlights a difference between the personal opinions of the incision and meaning rooted in social obligation that feeds its continuity. The maintenance of the incision is made worse by the lack of open communication about the matter, considered sensitive and private.

   Palavras-chave:   Genital mutilation    Africa    Middle East    UNICEF)   
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