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publicado em 07/07/2013 às 14h00:00
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Seven countries in sub-Saharan Africa by 50% to reduce infant HIV infection

The reduction was confirmed in South Africa, Botswana, Ethiopia, Ghana, Malawi, Namibia and Zambia. Tanzania and Zimbabwe

 
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Foto: Sarah Elliott/MSF
Performs outpatient medical care of African country. Seven Sub-Saharan African nations celebrate reduction in infections of children
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Performs outpatient medical care of African country. Seven Sub-Saharan African nations celebrate reduction in infections of children

The number of children infected by HIV was reduced by 50% or more in seven countries in sub-Saharan Africa since 2009, last week, the Joint United Nations Programme on HIV / AIDS (UNAIDS).

The reduction was confirmed in South Africa, Botswana, Ethiopia, Ghana, Malawi, Namibia and Zambia. Tanzania and Zimbabwe are also showing substantial progress.

This achievement was reported in the last document on the progress of the Global Plan towards the elimination of new HIV infections among children and keeping their mothers life, launched in July 2011 at the UN General Assembly on AIDS. The goals contained in this plan are to be achieved by 2015.

The plan has two main goals: a 90% reduction in the number of new infant HIV infections and 50% reduction in the number of maternal deaths related to AIDS.

The document focuses on 22 countries with 90% of new HIV infections among children. This report shows the progress made by the 21 countries of sub-Saharan Africa and some of the challenges to meet goals. The data from India were not available at the time the report was written.

There were 130,000 fewer new HIV infections among children in the 21 countries surveyed fall of 38% since 2009.

Progress in most countries is a strong signal that, with targeted efforts, every child can be born free of HIV, said the executive director of UNAIDS, Michel Sidibé, who led the initiative for the creation of the Global Plan with the Plan Emergence of the President of the United States for the relief of AIDS.

But progress has stalled in some countries with high numbers of new HIV infections. We need to find out why and to remove the obstacles that hinder progress, he added.

The UN agency released a statement saying that Ghana had the biggest drop in the rate of new infections among children since 2009 (76%), followed by South Africa (63%). However, the pace of decline in some of the priority countries of the Global Plan has been slow, and Angola, new HIV infections rose up.

The report also notes that more pregnant women infected with HIV were receiving antiretroviral drugs in 2012 than in 2009, with coverage levels reaching 75% in many countries. The drugs prevent the virus from being transmitted to the children and maintain the health of the mother.

At the same time, the paper also shows that only half of all HIV-infected women who breastfeed receive antiretroviral drugs to prevent transmission of the virus. The report emphasizes that breastfeeding is essential to ensure the survival of the child and that there is urgent need to provide antiretroviral therapy during breastfeeding.

While highlighting the reduction in the number of new virus contamination, the document states that urgent measures should be taken to improve the early diagnosis of HIV in children and to ensure immediate access to antiretroviral treatment.

Source: UNAIDS
   Palavras-chave:   AIDS    AIDS in children    HIV    Sub-Saharan Africa    The Joint United Nations Programme on HIV / AID    UNAIDS      
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