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publicado em 01/07/2013 às 16h42:00
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Health will provide 12 million doses of HPV vaccine

The campaign takes place at the beginning of 2014 for girls of 10 and 11 years. Goal is to achieve 80% of the target of 3.3 million

 
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Foto: Rondon Vellozo - ASCOM/MS
Padilha Minister and Secretaries of Health announce the incorporation of HPV vaccine in the National Health System
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Padilha Minister and Secretaries of Health announce the incorporation of HPV vaccine in the National Health System

The vaccine against the human papillomavirus (HPV) is offered by the National Health System (SUS) for girls 10 and 11 years old at the beginning of the school year 2014. According to the Ministry of Health, the vaccine will be available in about 5000 posts, between public and private schools and health units, permanently. Brazil recorded in 2012, 17 500 new cases of HPV in women.

The government's goal is to reach 80% of over 3.3 million people considered target audience. At first, will be made available 12 million doses just for girls. With the cost of the vaccine will be spending U.S. $ 30 per unit, totaling R $ 452.5 million. The vaccine, which is produced by the Butantan Institute and Merck, will be administered in three doses, and protect against four subtypes of HPV: 6, 11, 16 and 18 the last two are the ones that cause the increased risk of cancer. In 70% of cases of cancer of the cervix, no trace of the presence of subtypes 16 and 18.

Vaccination will be done on girls in this age group, at intervals of two and six months between the second and third doses, respectively. "We have to prepare this audience, engage the girls and the family, strengthen the guidance, why the age group is 10-11 years before the onset of sexual activity," said minitro Health, Alexandre Padilha. The administration will be done, according to parental consent and not Elima the need to use condoms or Pap smears.

The National Cancer Institute (INCA) estimates that 17,500 cases of HPV arise in the country in 2013. According to the Ministry of Health, there are an average of 685 400 cases a year, leading to 4800 deaths. In 2011, there were 5100 deaths. Annually, uncovered, on average, 18 400 cases. From January to March 2013 were 5600 admissions made by HPV, with which were spent £ 7.6 million. The Ministry of Health estimates that between 2011 and 2014, are spending more than U.S. $ 382 million in investments in disease. According to the World Health Organization (WHO) estimates that there are 291 million women with HIV worldwide, of which 32% are infected by types 16 and 18. According to WHO, studies show that 80% of sexually active female population will be infected.

Source: Isaude.net
   Palavras-chave:   Papillomavirus vaccine    HPV    HPV vaccine    Human papillomavirus    Condoms    Pap   
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