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publicado em 08/05/2013 às 12h49:00
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Bone marrow donation increases nearly 1000% in ten years

For the director of the Center for Bone Marrow Transplantation, that number could grow to a breaking of old myths about donation

 
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A survey conducted by the National Registry of Bone Marrow Donors and the National Cancer Institute (INCA), mostraque the number of bone marrow transplants from unrelated people rose from 29 donors (in 2003), to 248 last year.

For Luis Fernando Bouzas, director of the Center for Bone Marrow Transplantation Inca, that number could grow to a breaking of old myths about donation. "It is very common to confuse people with spinal marrow. Bone marrow is a tissue-fluid gelatinous consistency which lies within the bone cavities and contains progenitor cells that give rise to the hematopoietic system (blood) and immune. A spinal cord is part of the nervous system and is within the spine. Precisely for this doubt, many people are concerned to donate marrow because they hear in people who are paraplegic for accidents involving the spine, but one thing is not related to the another, "he says.

There is also the idea that the donor may have further problems that the transplant is painful and requires a long absence from work. "The donation is safe and causes no problems hematologic or immune system in the long term, because the withdrawal percentage, about 15% of the existing material, is recomposed in just 15 days. Pain is tolerable, the traditional procedure in the operating room use anesthesia and the donor needs to simple analgesics for at most three to four days after the collection of the cord. Removal from work is variable and lasts an average of five to seven days, "explains Bouzas.

The register of volunteer donor bone marrow can be performed in blood centers. Anyone between 18 and 55 years of age and is in good general health, may register. To become a volunteer, it is necessary to remove a small amount of blood (5 ml) and fill out a form with personal information. The blood will be typified by laboratory examination of histocompatibility (HLA), which identifies the genetic characteristics that may influence the transplant.

Source: Isaude.net
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National Registry of Bone Marrow Donors    Radome    blood centers    the National Cancer Institute José Alencar Gomes da Silva    Inca    Luis Fernando Bouzas    donation    bone marrow    hematologic   
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