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publicado em 03/05/2013 às 12h53:00
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Acre distributes artificial milk for newborns exposed to HIV

Treatment is offered by Barbara Maternity Heliodora in Rio Branco and Women's Hospital and Children in the Southern Cross

 
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Foto: Marcos Santos
The distribution of milk has benefited about 140 newborns
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The distribution of milk has benefited about 140 newborns

To reduce the risk of contamination with HIV through breast milk, the government of Acre performs the distribution of artificial milk to protect children vertically exposed to the virus during the first six months of life. About 140 newborns have benefited from the action.

According Marilia Carvalho, Nurse Division of Sexually Transmitted Diseases (STD / AIDS), these procedures are offered by Barbara Maternity Heliodora, Specialized Assistance Service (EAS) in Rio Branco.Já in Cruzeiro do Sul unit available is Women's Hospital and Children.

In childbirth, the mother receives positive serum anti-retroviral - therapy for the treatment and elimination of retroviruses attempt by the body - and an inhibitor of lactation called cabergoline. The newborn immediately needs to be treated by a pediatrician with antiretroviral and feeding with artificial milk, since breast milk contains the virus, explains Marilia.

The diagnosis is made for the mother during prenatal examinations, through the rapid HIV test, which is held on the first and third trimester of pregnancy. The pregnant after being diagnosed with HIV positive, is forwarded to the reference units high risk which will be answered by an expert team to start the treatment until the date of delivery. For offering the child an assurance that it is not contaminated, is indicated cesarean delivery.

After hospital discharge, mother and child are forwarded to SAE for continuing treatment. In addition, they also receive milk for infant nutrition. Monitoring lasts six months and is made by a multidisciplinary team.

The fact that the mother is HIV positive does not necessarily imply that the newborn is also a carrier. This diagnosis can only be done after 18 months of life, when they will be identified if the child actually had contact with the virus or not. If the test is positive, continue to be served by the SAE says Carvalho.

Source: Isaude.net
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HIV    AIDS    HIV infection in newborns    Division of Sexually Transmitted Diseases    Specialized Care Services    Department of Health Acre   
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