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publicado em 02/05/2013 às 14h04:00
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Culture Shock food leads to malnutrition elderly Indians after hospitalization

Study conducted at UFPE House Indian Health found that even recovering, many refused to "white food"

 
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Foto: Marcello Casal Jr./ABr
Study assessed sociodemographic variables, health conditions and technological factors
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Study assessed sociodemographic variables, health conditions and technological factors

Study reveals that indigenous elderly suffer more from malnutrition after hospitalization. Chronic diseases such as hypertension and diabetes, high consumption of fats and sugars, decreased appetite after hospitalization were also problems found in research conducted by experts from the Federal University of Pernanbuco in Manaus.

The context of the elderly food is intimately connected to their culture, but shows changes in eating habits with a strong influence of globalization, the nurse explains Julia Cassia Miguel Vieira, author of the research. The work was carried out for three months with a group of Indians in the Indian Health House (home), where even convalescing, many refused what they called white food. In data collection, she assessed sociodemographic variables, health conditions and technological factors (such as use of stove and refrigerator), religious, social, cultural, political, economic and educational to relate them to food.

Anthropometric evaluation indicated that, according to the Body Mass Index (BMI) for the elderly, 60% had malnutrition (BMI less than 22), 33% were normal weight (BMI between 22 and 27) and 7% were overweight (BMI greater than 27). In the case of indigenous people, the process of civilization has led to hunger and misery, therefore the change in eating patterns, increased diseases and nutritional deficiencies, the nurse explains. Although the food offered to patients in Kasai being well accepted by 63% of the group, they are different from those to which the elderly Indians are accustomed.

The survey indicated that the dietary patterns of indigenous community includes cereals, breads, roots and tubers (cassava flour, Beijú, rice and pasta), vegetables (amaranth, chicory and squash), fruits (banana, pineapple, orange, acai, cupuaçu , peach palm, mango and cashew), meats (fish, poultry, beef), legumes (beans), oils and grease (cooking oil) and sugar and sweets (artificial juice powder). When faced with feeding at the health institution, 73% reported that they would inform the nursing staff if you do not approve of the diet. The satisfaction and food acceptance is an important factor for the recovery of health of the elderly, explains.

The study was the basis of Leininger Transcultural Theory. The theory emphasizes the importance for nurses to recognize the significance of cultural care, methods of care characteristics of each culture and how cultural factors can influence the care for the individual, explains. Some of the nursing care in nutrition for the elderly involve checking changes in taste and smell, with causes ranging from reduced salivary secretion and medications to nutritional deficiency and improper oral hygiene. The Research Master in Health Education with transcultural approach: the standard of the elderly indigenous food was developed in the Graduate Program in Nursing, Federal University of Pernambuco (UFPE).

Source: Isaude.net
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malnutrition in elderly Indians    Indian Health House    hypertension in the elderly indigenous    diabetes    Graduate Program in Nursing    Federal University of Pernambuco    Julia Cassia Miguel Vieira   
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