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publicado em 01/05/2013 às 12h00:00
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Recordable injuries and illnesses can change setting of public health

Numbers in existing systems of epidemiological data should be better used to plan actions that promote health

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Research at the School of Medicine of the Federal University of Minas Gerais (UFMG) with data from the Information System for Notifiable Diseases (Sinan), the industrial hub of Betim, shows that in recent years the data were collected correctly causing an explosion the rate of accidents and illnesses.

According to the Occupational Therapist Juliane Kate Alvarez, author of the study that examined the quality of information for epidemiological surveillance of workers' health, between 2007 and 2011 there was a sharp increase in the number of cases of diseases and disorders related to worker health, reaching over 2000 registered cases.

While in 2007, there were 68 injuries in 2011 this number reached 1,134. She estimates that, on one hand, the jump in the number of reported cases is a matter of concern, on the other reveals improvement in the ability to identify the problems and also the correct completion of reporting forms used to supply data Sinan .

"This set of activities that enables you to gather the information necessary to know the history of the disease is called Surveillance. The objective is to detect changes and identify the severity of new diseases. With this information it is possible to develop strategies and actions on health. "

The research of the Faculty of Medicine of shows that fulfillment of these required fields of the records analyzed had high rates, above 87%, while the number of duplicate records and inconsistent information was small (0.6% and 7%, respectively .) The entire period (2007-2011), according to the study, 45.6% of incidents were accidents, 26.2% of Repetitive Strain Injury and Illness Work-Related Musculoskeletal (LER / Dort), and 14.6 % of accidents involving exposure to biological material. The list also includes poisoning, skin diseases, noise-induced hearing loss, mental disorders, diseases caused by the inhalation of dust and cancer, which account for 13.5%.

"Highlighting the importance of this information can contribute in a practical way to improve the quality of healthcare. But health services still have no idea of ​​the potential of its application, failing to use them for the design of more effective actions. A the great difficulties of planning actions to be taken to prevent and respond to potential outbreaks of resistance is a result of health professionals to fill a notification form, the researcher adds

With information from UFMG

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Accidents at work    occupational diseases    occupational diseases    Faculty of Medicine    Federal University of Minas Gerais    UFMG    Information System for Notifiable Diseases    Sinan    Betin       
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