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publicado em 26/04/2013 às 12h13:00
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Campaign against hypertension 2013 is geared for children and teenagers

According to the Brazilian Society of Cardiology, 6% to 8% of children and adolescents 7-20 years have the disease

 
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Foto: Tânia Rêgo/ABr
Imagem: SBC
Campaign against high blood activities held in all states and the Federal District Booklet produced by the Brazilian Society of Cardiology
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Campaign against high blood activities held in all states and the Federal District
Booklet produced by the Brazilian Society of Cardiology

Hypertension in children and adolescents will be the focus of the campaign the Brazilian Cardiology Society (SBC) will develop this year's National Day to Prevent and Combat Hypertension, celebrated on Friday (26). According to data from the SBC, 6% to 8% of Brazilian children and adolescents in the age 7-20 years have the disease.

For the campaign coordinator and director of SBC, Carlos Alberto Machado, the biggest concern is that there is between the Brazilian culture to measure blood pressure during childhood and adolescence. He warned that there is possibility of increase because these indices has also increased the number of obese children in the country. "It is important to change the lifestyle of these children.'s Much easier to change the style of a child than an adult," said the doctor.

In Rio de Janeiro, according to the scientific director of the Regional Society of Baixada Fluminense, Sonia Regina Zimbaro, SBC has developed projects in schools in the region, along with the Departments of Health, to bring about hypertension students from the municipalities of Burns , Duque de Caxias, Nova Iguaçu and Belford Roxo. She hopes to bring the project to other municipalities of the Baixada. On Friday (26) there will be activities in the Municipal Health Center for measurement of blood pressure, blood glucose, weight and height. Will also be distributed booklets with guidelines to prevent disease.

The director hypertension classified as "silent killer" because it has no symptoms and parents will usually only take the child to the doctor when she has a fever. "Over 3 years old, when vaccines have already been given, much the parents no longer goes to a pediatrician as a routine and, thereafter, are not taken to the doctor often. Childhood obesity is in front of us. Today we have children 5 years who are already obese. A pressure of 120 over 80 can be raised if the child is obese, "he said.

For Sonia, a sedentary lifestyle, with more children gathered indoors without exercise, smoking entering adolescence, poor diet with fast foods are factors causing pressure elevation in these age groups.

She said they are recorded cases of lesions in organs such as the heart, brain and kidney, as well as vision and vessels of the lower limbs, caused by changing levels of pressure. "So we have to treat those with risk factors and also to prevention. If this child has a heritability of hypertension, it should develop the disease throughout life. And we must also warn teens who are getting pregnant.'s A risk if she has a family history of hypertension, "explained the doctor who advocated the inclusion of measuring blood pressure in the admission examinations of students in schools.

The Directorate of Health Promotion Cardiovascular Society of Cardiology published a cartilha on your website, with directions. The cardiologist Carlos Alberto Machado said that anyone can have access to the electronic textbook, which can also be used by a teacher as teaching material in the classroom.

The booklet explains that hypertension has no symptoms most of the time, but who have dizziness, shortness of breath, palpitations, dizziness and nausea, frequent headaches, unexplained fatigue or changes in vision, you should seek specialized care. "The treatment and monitoring of high blood pressure are made for life," said the director.

For health professionals, SBC recorded to show how a class is measured correctly blood pressure of a child. According to Machado, blood pressure measurement must be compared with a table that includes age, height and gender, so that the diagnosis is made. Through the campaign, the institution expects that hypertension in children becomes identified and tackled early.

Source: AGÊNCIA BRASIL
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