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publicado em 11/04/2013 às 20h49:00
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RJ advocates in Congress to address pertussis vaccination

In 40% of cases, transmission of the disease to newborns is done by the mother, 20% are by the father and the rest by other caregivers

 
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The increase of 97% in the number of pertussis cases in the country in 2012, according to registry of the Ministry of Health, and the importance of the vaccine to prevent the disease in pregnant women are the highlights of the 37th Congress of Gynecology and Obstetrics, Rio de Janeiro, which occurs until Saturday (13) in the city center.

Professor of Gynecology, Federal University of Bahia, Nilma Neves, who will attend a lecture specifically on the topic during the event, explained that, in 40% of cases, transmission of the disease to newborns is done by the mother, 20 % are by the father and the rest by other caregivers baby.

Immunization of pregnant women, according to the doctor, should include other vaccines to prevent infection of babies. There are vaccines for hepatitis A and B, meningitis, ie a series of vaccines, pertussis not only remarked.

The doctor pointed out that the 4453 people infected with the bacteria last year in Brazil, the most affected age group was to infants less than six months, representing 85% of cases and most deaths.

Cases of whooping cough had been falling since 1990. The new panorama of the disease in the country did the government include the DTaP (acellular DTP vaccine that protects against diphtheria, tetanus and pertussis) immunization schedule in the pregnant woman. The expectation is to immunize 4 million pregnant.

For the president of the Association of Gynecology and Obstetrics, Rio de Janeiro, Vera Fonseca, is essential to provide doctors to encourage vaccination of women and mothers, and those who will take care of the newborn in the first few months of life. The pertussis vaccine is given to children from 2 months, in three stages until 8 months.

It is important that the mother is vaccinated to prevent the baby from being infected by the bacteria. Once born, all the people who take care of that baby are grandparents, babysitters, daycare caregivers also need to be immunized, the gynecologist said. She explained that immunity is only granted after six months.

According to the doctor, the increase in pertussis cases are associated with the belief that immunization should be done only in children. People have lost the habit of vaccination. All of us, including the elderly, we need to vaccinate.

Caused by the bacterium Bordetella pertussis, whooping cough is transmitted by contact with saliva droplets. The first symptoms are coughing, phlegm, fever and lack of appetite. Especially in children and the elderly, the disease can progress to severe pulmonary complications, neurological and bleeding, and dehydration.

Source: Isaude.net
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pertussis    DTaP    37th Congress of Gynecology and Obstetrics    Rio de Janeiro    Ministry of Health    Association of Gynecology and Obstetrics    Rio de Janeiro    Federal University of Bahia   
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