publicado em 11/04/2013 às 13h14:00
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Research indicates faults in the treatment of postpartum depression

According to researcher, Family Health Teams are not prepared to treat mothers with the disease

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Research College of Nursing (EE) USP concluded that postpartum depression affects women in a lasting and disarranges like a puzzle. The nurse Hudson Pires de Oliveira Santos Júnior is responsible for the study, which was based on interviews with mothers who were still suffering from the disorder and their families.

Santos Júnior began the study motivated by the lack of recognition of the disease. He said the Ministry of Health does not establish strategies to treat women affected, so the professional teams of the Family Health are not prepared to diagnose and treat mothers suffering from the disease.

Furthermore, answering services to serious psychological disorders, such as schizophrenia often have no specific care for postnatal depression.

One of the biggest challenges of the study is that women and families had difficulty identifying postpartum depression. While women did not accept that it could happen in a season that is expected happiness and satisfaction for having a baby, the family regarded as symptoms freshness.

The researchers already knew that mothers with postpartum depression, in some cases, think of hurting children, which depended on cultural factors. The poll of families in São Paulo, found that women who participated in the survey naming it as bad thoughts.

Nurses identified that mothers described two possible agents of aggression against children. Some of them described themselves doing any harm to their children, choking or drowning, while others thought that violence would come from external agents, even if not clearly describing what it would be.

This result has relevance to diagnose the problem by passing woman, already pointing the way, in our society, we talk about this symptom. Thus, the term bad thoughts, can be used as an aid in screening for postpartum depression.

In response to women's thoughts and bad according to the availability of family support, Santos Junior reveals four types of maternity mothers embraced in the trajectory of illness: transferred, shared, stressed and overprotective.

According to the researcher, this finding calls attention to rethink the cases of mothers who abandon or harm newborns, because the community has criminalized women, when in some cases they may be suffering from symptoms of postpartum depression, needing attention and treatment.

The large treatment time these women surprised the nurse. This shows that concluded in her thesis: the mothers suffering from postpartum depression have the puzzle of his life in disarray and slow to remount it.

Even though symptoms of depression, the identity of these mothers was overlooked because the symptoms of postpartum depression were ignored, since they were caring for the child.

Finally, women themselves and family conclude that the pieces do not fit as before, because the experience postpartum depression changed the way they perceived their identity and how they perceived and pursued motherhood. Even after treatment, they have fear of depression are feelings of having failed as a mother, and mention that the relationship with their husbands / partners were affected.

The nurse says that "researchers, government officials and health professionals need to share the commitment to build strategies and protocols to promote early identification and treatment of postpartum depression, thus avoiding damage to the health of women, their children and family.

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