publicado em 25/03/2013 às 18h38:00
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In SP, international researchers to discuss preventing mental disorders

Event will result in a report suggesting the government action focused on preventing diseases related to disorders

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About 100 experts, including Brazilians and foreigners, are meeting today (25) until Friday (29) to discuss research and programs on mental disorders. The meeting, sponsored by the Federal University of São Paulo (Unifesp), will result in a report suggesting the government action focused on preventing mental disorders, emotional and behavioral.

When we talked about it 20 years ago, everyone was very skeptical about the ability to actually act on prevention. But today, we understand that the frequency of such trauma is very high, said Jair de Jesus Mari, professor in the Department of Psychiatry Unifesp and event coordinator.

The meeting has partnered with the University of São Paulo (USP), the Federal University of Rio Grande do Sul (Ufrgs), Columbia University, U.S., and King's College, England. In it, the researchers will also discuss the relationship between the disorders and the effects on society, such as child physical abuse, domestic violence, ill-treatment in pregnancy, abortion and other types of violence.

Mari defended actions and public policies that prevent exposure, particularly among adolescents with mental disorders. We have neglected this part too, to let happen after work. So the idea is that the global point of view, we could draw attention to the actions that we can implement, he said.

Stan Kutcher, Canadian psychiatrist, will speak about a project implemented in schools in your country. In Canada, the education system began to adopt, in the curriculum, prevention programs in the area of ​​mental health. According to Mari, the idea is to discuss the feasibility of implementing a similar project in Brazil. It would be interesting for us to adopt a curriculum that? Teaching about anorexia, drugs, sexuality, in a more open? , Questions.

In Australia, the program, called headspace, works similarly, with the allocation of spaces that centralize various preventive actions as friendly locals. These spaces develop healthy behaviors, such as stimulus to reading, self-esteem and health promotion. The idea, according to Mari, could be leveraged by Brazil.

We are also thinking of a model of mental health to prioritize the issue of most teens. Testing friendliest places of attraction of teenagers, and that in this place you could make a connection with school, family doctors and places that will provide jobs for young people, he said.

Other foreign experience will be addressed in the explanatory Yanki Yazgan, psychiatrist for children and adolescents, Turkey, which will treat about a country program that teaches parents to care adequately for their children. The goal is to avoid physical punishment committed against children. We want to talk to the mothers [Brazilian] that they should not punish this way. They have to use other devices, for example, do not play ball this weekend, not watching TV, Mari said.

The event will take space in addition to Brazilian projects such as Cuca Legal, paulistanas implemented in schools. Rodrigo Bressan, responsible for the initiative, will explain how the program teaches teachers to identify cases of mental disorder among students, to be forwarded to the medical service. Before the situation worsens, says Mari. For him, it is also necessary to combat stigma in society, such as the denial of the disorder. There are people who think that there is schizophrenia, for example, said.

Another much anticipated lecture by researchers is the psychologist Bruce Cuthbert, National Institute of Mental Health (U.S.), on the diagnosis of this type of disease. Cuthbert will introduce a new classification system for these disorders, which will assist in the early identification. Will help in the types of actions that could prevent neuroprogressão, namely to identify the signs, symptoms and behaviors, Mari explained.

   Palavras-chave:   Prevention    Mental disorders    São Paulo    Unifesp    Federal University of São Paulo   
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