publicado em 08/03/2013 às 14h53:00
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Cases of cardiac arrhythmias increase from 48% to 66% in women

Survey reveals growth of HCor heart problem in young patients, aged between 15 and 44 years

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A study of 648 women hospitalized Heart Hospital (HCor), aged between 15 and 44 years, showed an increase in cases of cardiac arrhythmias from 48% to 66% between 2008 and 2012. During this period, the percentage of women who received surgical treatment / correction for hemodynamic cardiac arrhythmia ranged from 45% to 61%.

Arrhythmias are linked to serious problems such as heart attack and stroke, and can kill. The most common type of arrhythmia, atrial fibrillation, reaches 10% of the population aged from 70 years. This disease increases by five times the risk of stroke, according to the Brazilian Cardiology Society (SBC), as it promotes the formation of clots in the bloodstream.

A number of factors may be linked to increased arrhythmias. Coronary artery disease, heart failure and hyperthyroidism chemical imbalance in the blood (change in levels of potassium, calcium and sodium) are some of the possible sources. However, arrhythmias are also linked to the consumption of stimulants such as caffeine, tobacco, alcohol and amphetamine.

Causes <b> </ b>

The heart has to hit the right pace. Are 60 to 100 beats per minute, under normal conditions, that alternate simultaneous contraction of the atria (lower heart chambers) with the simultaneous contraction of the ventricles (chambers larger). Exercise and stress increase the heart rate, but it returns to normal soon after. If not, something may be wrong.

Arrhythmias can occur per beat (tachycardia) or slowed heartbeat (bradycardia). The most common abnormality is atrial fibrillation, a mismatch in the beating of smaller chambers of the heart (atria). Its incidence increases with age. The main symptoms of arrhythmia are palpitations, fatigue, shortness of breath, fatigue, fainting, dizziness and chest pain. However, the disease can also occur asymptomatically.

"Women need to pay more attention to the symptoms of cardiovascular disease. Confuses She often with back problems, tiredness or pain in the arm, for having a child born or heavy bags," warns the cardiac surgeon Magaly Arrais, the HCor.

<b> aging population </ b>

Population aging helps concentrate risk factors for arrhythmias. The blood pressure and cholesterol tend to increase. Furthermore, menopause causes hormonal changes in the body, which become even more severe when combined with physical inactivity and poor diet.

There is also a growing concern with overweight women. Recent research by the IBGE (Brazilian Institute of Geography and Statistics) shows that the number of obese in the country grew 64% in the last 10 years. This combination of factors makes 20% of women at risk of infarction.

The woman has accumulated various roles. It works out, takes care of home and family. The fast pace exposes a lot of stress and promotes unhealthy habits such as poor diet and sedentary lifestyle, explains Magaly Arrais.

   Palavras-chave:   Arrhythmias    Cardiology    Women's Health    St. Paul   
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