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publicado em 28/02/2013 às 12h11:00
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Hearing loss affects 360 million people worldwide, WHO warns

A study released this week points to sub-Saharan Africa with one of the highest rates of hearing loss

 
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Foto: NPR
UN Agency says that 32 million children under the age of 15 suffer from hearing loss
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UN Agency says that 32 million children under the age of 15 suffer from hearing loss

Study of the World Health Organization (WHO) warns that 360 million people suffer from hearing loss in the world. The document was released this week in preparation for the International Day of Care Audio, remembered on March 3.

Research shows that sub-Saharan Africa has one of the highest rates of disabling hearing loss on the side of the South Asia and Asia Pacific.

The WHO medical, Regina Ungerer, defended prevention measures to urban centers where there are large exposure to hearing loss, how to not get close to noises that are above 80 to 90 decibels, a frequency that starts to damage your hearing. "We must always be in a range below that. Yet we live in cities with many noises, sounds very high, with civilian buildings, cars, horns, metallurgical and sound mp3 and Ipod that some 15 years back all the world has been with these devices in their ears. everything All this together can be one of the factors that will lead to deafness ", he explains.

Also according to the agency, 32 million children under the age of 15 suffer from the problem, and ear infections a major cause of disability, especially in countries with low and middle incomes.

<b> Aging </ b>

The WHO also stated that with the aging of the world population, there are more cases of hearing loss. One in three elderly over 65 years, coexists with the condition, which corresponds to the 165 million people worldwide.

The inadequacy of hearing aids for people with the problem is seen as a challenge, a time when the production of equipment meets the demand of one in ten people.

In developing countries, fewer than one in 40 people who need a hearing aid has access. Technology transfer is seen as a way to ensure that most hearing aids come to developing countries.

Infectious diseases such as rubella, meningitis, measles and mumps are considered those that most commonly lead to hearing loss. Vaccination can prevent most of these diseases.

<b> Injuries </ b>

Aside from exposure to excessive noise, common causes of hearing loss include ear injuries or head, aging, genetic causes and medications that can damage hearing.

The study also cites problems during pregnancy and childbirth, as cytomegalovirus infection and syphilis.

The WHO states that half of all cases of hearing loss can be easily avoided. The organization also indicates the possibility of treatment in case of early diagnosis and appropriate interventions as surgically implanted hearing aids.

With UN <i> information </ i>

Source: Isaude.net
   Palavras-chave:   Hearing loss    Document    WHO    World Health Organization    Otolaryngology    Sub-Saharan Africa    Regina Ungerer   
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