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publicado em 26/02/2013 às 13h55:00
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Increase in HIV infections in the carnival is a myth, says study UFF

Study physicians examined during six years of demand and temporal distribution of positive HIV tests

 
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Foto: Tânia Rêgo/ABr
Cord of famous Black Ball at Carnival 2013, Rio de Janeiro. Study showed no increase in the number of cases of HIV during the days of festivity
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Cord of famous Black Ball at Carnival 2013, Rio de Janeiro. Study showed no increase in the number of cases of HIV during the days of festivity

The belief that the number of AIDS infections increases the carnival is myth - at least in Niterói and six other municipalities in the metropolitan region of Rio de Janeiro. The finding is part of a study conducted by doctors at Fluminense Federal University (UFF), launched on Tuesday (26), who analyzed six years the demand and temporal distribution of positive serologic tests for HIV in the Central Laboratory of Public Miguelote Viana, Niterói.

The lab is about 1,150 tests per month and is the reference serological diagnosis for all units of public health of the city and the municipalities of São Gonçalo, Itaboraí, Marica, Rio Bonito, Tanguá and Silva Jardim.

The study evaluated the seasonality between the number of test requests and the positive results found in all months of the year from January 2005 to December 2010.

The Ministry of Health has basically two anti-HIV campaigns, one for and one for the carnival season. And we decided to investigate whether this behavior was really festive seasons such risk here in Niteroi, the doctor told Christóvão Damiano Jr., author of the Master thesis. We find that there is no relationship between the festive seasons or with the demand for tests or exams with positivity.

The study also showed that, within two months after the carnival, the incidence of abortion was one of the lowest in the county. The number of births nine months after this festive period, was also low. People abort at the end of the year more and more births occur in May, or more pregnant in August and September, he said.

To the doctor Mauro Romero, the head researcher, although the analysis can not be transposed to the national level, the study is an incentive for similar searches and greater coverage are made. With this, you can more reliably portray the HIV situation in the country and, consequently, the adoption of more effective public policies. This popular imagination, and even some medical professionals, that increase HIV cases in the carnival, is not true. The world can no longer stay in achismo. There numbers that support this hypothesis. This study should be expanded to create a strategy to combat even more efficient, Romero defended.

This popular imagination, and even some medical professionals, that increase HIV cases in the carnival, is not true

<b> Random Data </ ​​b>

Of 64,500 AIDS tests recorded during the study period, about 10-11 thousand a year, was found to be a randomness in the number of positive cases and not a rate steeper after the carnival in February. In the six years studied, the average monthly testing HIV positive in January reached 39.3 cases; in February, 29.3, in March, 40.8, in April, 31.8, in May, 31.1; in June, 34.6, in July, 33.8, in August, 38.6; September, 35, in October, 34.8; in November and 31.5 in December, 33.6 cases.

Romero, who for 30 years studying sexually transmitted diseases and AIDS, believes that Brazil does not have the habit of doing statistical analysis in a systematic way. I will not scare me in Bahia that picture is different, but also will not scare me if it is equal. The central laboratories need to study their numbers to know what is the reality.

One positive, he said, is what shows significant drop in both demand and the positivity of HIV tests over the years studied.

The health system is doing a good job, but could do even more, assessed Romero. The ideal is to remain robust and continuous educational work involving schools, media and society at large. Health education can not be once a year, he said, arguing that AIDS prevention campaigns are not only made in the carnival, but throughout the year.

<b> Ministry of Health </ b>

The Agency Brazil had contacted the Ministry of Health, but by the close of this matter has received government's position on search or on data that substantiate the AIDS prevention campaigns made in the country.

Since 1980, the year of detection of the disease, until June 2012, according to the epidemiological bulletin of the Ministry of Health, Brazil recorded 656,701 cases of AIDS. During this period, 253,706 people died of AIDS in the country. The state of Rio reported 40,817 deaths, ranking second, behind São Paulo. The incidence rate in Brazil is 20.8 cases per 100 000 inhabitants.

Source: AGÊNCIA BRASIL
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AIDS    HIV    carnival    UFF    Universidade Federal Fluminense    serologic tests for HIV    Central Public Health Laboratory Miguelote Viana    Niterói   
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