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publicado em 05/02/2013 às 20h49:00
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Low per capita income affects chance to perform mammography, says survey

Number of mammograms grows in 2012, but coverage is lower as income women in Brazil

 
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Despite the 41% increase in the number of mammograms in 2012 compared to the previous year, according to the Ministry of Health, the low per capita income still prevents access for millions of women to test that detects breast cancer, according to research conducted at the National School of Public Health Sergio Arouca (ENSP / Fiocruz). According to the data, only 62% of women whose income was about $ 100 were examined. Among women with incomes between £ 400 and £ 800, this proportion was 79.5%. Among those with higher income, was 94%.

Principal author of the article Socioeconomic Inequality Affects the Chance to Perform Mammography in Brazil, the researcher Ensp Dora Chor said the per capita income is one of the important indicators of inequity in mammography. Published on the website of the World Conference on Social Determinants of Health, the text presents data based on the National Household Sample Survey (PNAD 2008), with the participation of about 11 million women aged 40 years or older.

The article sought to check whether socioeconomic indicators be able to explain the different prevalence of mammography in each of the metropolitan areas studied in the country. The results show that, in all the metropolitan areas, there is a marked increase in the prevalence of mammography, according to the increase in income. The survey also shows that in all the metropolitan areas studied, the direct relationship between income and prevalence of mammography repeats. However, when compared, displayed vast differences.

Have lower per capita income makes it much harder to mammography in Fortaleza, Recife and Belém than in Sao Paulo, Curitiba and Salvador.

In São Paulo, for example, 76% and 96% of women in lower and higher income group, respectively, were examined. Already in Fortaleza, this discrepancy was 39% and 91% among women these same bands, respectively. Therefore have lower per capita income makes it much harder to mammography in Fortaleza, Recife and Belém than in Sao Paulo, Curitiba and Salvador.

National Mammography Day is celebrated this Tuesday, February 5. For the Health Minister Alexandre Padilha, we must reverse this situation. "We want to draw attention to the inequality that still exists in access to quality diagnosis and treatment of cancer in our country. Ministry of Health has coordinated a number of strategies, fundamental to cooperation with the departments to which these strategies are each increasingly strengthened, "the minister said at the launch of the survey in October 2012.

<i> information Fiocruz Agency </ i>

Source: Isaude.net
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