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publicado em 01/02/2013 às 12h48:00
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Injuries to the shoulder and spine are 9% to 15% on back to school

According to research, overweight and inappropriate use of school backpacks are related to 19 types of shoulder injuries

 
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Foto: Marcelo Camargo/ABr
Weight of school supplies over the use of inedequado backpack can injure shoulders and spine in children and adolescents
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Weight of school supplies over the use of inedequado backpack can injure shoulders and spine in children and adolescents

The overweight and inappropriate use of school backpacks almost doubles the occurrence of problems in children and adolescents. Heart Hospital (HCor), in São Paulo, the percentage is 9%, and then back to school this number increases to 15%.

Researchers at Cincinnati Children's Hospital, USA, analyzed the children admitted to the emergency room of the hospital and found that 23% of them had complaints caused by improper use of the backpack. This number is not only restricted to spinal injuries but the 19 types of shoulder injuries.

According to the orthopedist HCor, Sérgio Xavier, the misuse of the backpack can cause muscle pain, abrasive injuries and problems for the column. Children can suffer damage in the spine to carry a heavy backpack. Weight can affect joints, influencing the development of small. Ideally, the bag does not weigh more than 10% of the body weight of the child and has two handles so there is no overhead of only one shoulder, explains.

<b> Backpacks with wheels </ b>

Many parents choose then to the use of backpack with wheels. But if pulled improperly, the risks are the same. The handle of the cart must have the appropriate height for the child, and the weight can not exceed the desired percentage, but the effort is made to cause such serious problems as the load on the back, directs Xavier.

Also according to the specialist, the parents should be alert to any claim the child. At the first sign of pain should take you to the specialist for a better evaluation. It is also worth observing that if he takes the backpack is really essential for tasks that day.

<b> Rehabilitation </ b>

The average HCor this time of year serves about 10 children a month with complaints of shoulder pain, usually caused by misuse of school bags. Problems that are not treated when detected, can lead to losses for life. It is common to find young people with posture problems and chronic pain in the joints. When the problem settles started a rehabilitation treatment for the patient. We changed the routine of the person and start with physical therapy exercises and compensation, the orthopedist explains.

Prevention of <b> </ b>

- The backpack should have two straps to distribute the weight better shape;

- The strips should preferably be padded and adjusted so that the bag is flush to the body;

- The width of the bag can not be greater than the width of the back of the child;

- There must have overcome the child's waist.

- Give preference to backpacks with a few pockets. The diversity of compartments can be attractive to load useless objects.

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Source: Isaude.net
   Palavras-chave:   Shoulder injury    Back to school    Orthopedics    Heart Hospital    HCor    Birmingham    Cincinnati Children's Hospital   
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