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publicado em 27/01/2013 às 09h30:00
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Even with goal of eradicating leprosy country still recorded 33 000 cases per year

Poverty, process of slums, precocious sexuality and drug use are seen as aggravating the problem, says expert

 
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Despite the goal of eradicating leprosy signed by the Brazilian government in 2008, are recorded each year about 33,000 new cases of the disease, according to the Ministry of Health at the root of the problem is neglect and low level of human development country in the HDI. Leprosy is a neglected disease. Furthermore, studies show that it is related to poverty, slums process, precocious sexuality and drug use, explains Professor at the Federal University of Minas Gerais (UFMG) and specialist in tropical medicine, Manoel da Rocha Octavius.

According to researcher and dermatologist UFMG Hospital Eduardo Menezes, reference leprology Silvia Helena Lyon, prejudice is one of the saddest faces of leprosy. Besides the familiar bias, there is a lot of rejection in society. When the diagnosis is known, or skin lesions are very apparent, there is a major social and occupational impairment. In this sense, awareness campaigns to fight prejudice and to report on the possibility of cure, collaborate both in containing the disease and acceptance of patients in social life, he said.

There are no specific prevention measures, but some measures can contain the spread of the disease: early diagnosis and treatment, BCG vaccination among

Despite the current record high, the number of polio cases dropped 26% in the last ten years. In 2011, 33,955 new cases were recorded, against 45,874 in 2001. The retreat was one of the highlights of the Brazil 2011 Health study, presented during the 12th National Exhibition of Successful Experiences in Epidemiology, Disease Control and Prevention (Expoepi) last year.

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Caused by Hansen's bacillus, which shows high affinity with the skin and peripheral nerves, leprosy contagion occurs through the upper airways, in prolonged contact with the sick person.

There are no specific prevention measures, but some steps can prevent the progression of disease, as early diagnosis and treatment, staff training in basic health services, examination of persons who reside or resided with patients over the past five years (average period incubation) and BCG vaccination in those who live or lived with infected individual.

BCG vaccine is not specific for leprosy, but has the ability to increase from 20% to 80% immune protection. Treatment is free in Brazil and is the association of two or three antibiotics, depending on the clinical form of the disease.

Source: Isaude.net
   Palavras-chave:   Leprosy    Early diagnosis    Prevention    World day to combat leprosy    UFMG    Fapeam    BCG    Tropical medicine   
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