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Africa and Americas leading global reduction of leprosy cases

WHO report cites cases of Angola and Mozambique, which fell by more than half in seven years

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Data from the report "Keeping the initiative to overcome the global impact of neglected tropical diseases" of the World Health Organization, Quatá published on Monday (16) in Geneva, highlights decline of leprosy cases in the Americas and Africa, unlike regiõesdo other world. The document examines the period between 2004 and 2011.

In Portuguese-speaking countries, Angola stands out to have downloaded 75.9% of new cases. Mozambique and Brazil fell 75%, with the second highest number of cases in the world, at just over 31%.

According Regina Ungerer, WHO medical, sickness, also known as leprosy, is one to be eliminated globally by 2020. Ungerer said that achieving the goal is also necessary to address social factors.

"These diseases are poverty, development and social exclusion. Then there is only the question of facing the disease. Problems you face We have social inequalities, social determinants of health, employment for people, housing, access to drinking water. Only with these measures that actually have nothing to do with health greatly reduces the number of diseases, he said. spite of the reduction of cases by more than half, India remains as the largest number of patients.

Challenges and strategies <b> <b>

The agency addresses challenges to eliminate bilharzia (schistosomiasis), which affects Angola, Guinea-Bissau and Mozambique. Lusophone nations are in the group of 30 countries in sub-Saharan Africa where there are 99% of cases. Cape Verde is highlighted by the report include the nine countries that have not reported cases of rabies in 2011. The disease is no longer considered endemic because it was not detected either in men or animals.

Angola appears as one of the countries that registers sleeping sickness, also known as trypanosomiasis. The disease still endemic in 24 countries, is not detected for more than 30 years in Guinea-Bissau. Moreover, cases of human rabies transmitted by bats increase the concerns of WHO, especially in remote areas of the Amazon region with emphasis on Brazil, Colombia, Ecuador and Peru.

The document highlights Brazil's plans to eliminate trachoma, the leading cause of preventable blindness worldwide. The challenges cited in the document include the fight against Chagas disease, which also affects the country. The report indicates a change in the epidemiological pattern of co-infection of the parasite of Chagas' disease and HIV.

With information <i> UN <i>

   Palavras-chave:   Leprosy    WHO    The Americas    Africa    Schistosomiasis    Chagas disease    Trypanosomiasis    Human rabies   
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