Public Health
publicado em 11/01/2013 às 13h26:00
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Several cities in the state recorded floods in recent days, which increases the risk of contamination by disease

 
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With the rains, the urine of rats is mixed with mud, water ditches, ponds, pits and floods, increasing the risk of infection
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With the rains, the urine of rats is mixed with mud, water ditches, ponds, pits and floods, increasing the risk of infection

The Ministry of Health of Paraná sent a warning to municipalities in terms of increased occurrence of leptospirosis cases in this period of summer rains. Several cities in Paraná recorded floods in recent days, which increases the risk of contamination by leptospirosis, a disease caused by a bacteria present in the urine of rats and mice.

With the rains, the urine of rats is mixed with mud, water ditches, ponds, pits and floods, increasing the risk of infection, since the bacteria enters the body through small breaks in the skin or through contact with contaminated water for an extended period.

According to the coordinator of the Division of Zoonoses and poisoning the Department of Health, Giselia Burigo Rubio, the alert means health professionals be alert to the symptoms that the patient enters the health service. Symptoms of leptospirosis are similar to other diseases such as influenza and dengue, so it is necessary to take into account the history of rainfall and if there were other cases of leptospirosis in the region, he said.

Although 90% of cases have a satisfactory outcome if not treated properly, the disease can lead to death. The first symptoms of the disease are high fever, malaise, constant headaches and intense, body aches, especially in the calf; fatigue and chills. Also common are abdominal pain, nausea, vomiting, diarrhea and dehydration.

It is still common that the eyes become yellowish. In some people the symptoms reappear after two or three days of apparent improvement, which may progress to a severe renal insufficiency, respiratory and hemorrhagic Giselia said.

After infection, the incubation period of the disease ranges from seven to 14 days after contact with the contaminated water. Confirmation of the disease is possible only through laboratory tests performed one week after the onset of symptoms.

<b> Deaths </ b>

In 2012, 201 cases and 20 deaths from leptospirosis were confirmed across the Paraná, with a fatality rate of 10%. The situation was more worrying in the coastal regions, with 10 cases and two deaths; Metropolitan Curitiba, with 120 cases and 16 deaths; Guarapuava five cases and one death, and Francisco Beltran, eight cases and one death. Already in 2011, the Paraná recorded 432 cases of illness and 55 deaths, with mortality rates close to 13%.

Source: Isaude.net
   Palavras-chave:   Leptospirosis    Flooding    Paraná    Zoonoses    Poisonings    Department of Health    Giselia Burigo Rubio   
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