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Female mortality rate drops 12% in all regions of the country

Greatest reduction was observed in the South, followed by the Southeast region; circulatory diseases mortality lead

 
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The female mortality rate dropped 12% in the last 10 years in the country. It's pointing a Ministry of Health survey published on Monday (22). According to the data, in the period from 2000 to 2010, there was a reduction in the mortality rate of 4.24 deaths per 100 thousand women to 3.72.

According to information from the folder, all regions of the country had reduced rates. The greatest reduction was observed in the southern region of the country (14.6%), followed by the Southeast (14.3%). The Midwest region decreased by 9.6%, while the Northeast and North, decreased by 9.1% and 6.8%, respectively.

Among the leading causes of female mortality are diseases of the circulatory system such as cerebrovascular accident (CVA) and infarction, which appear first representing 34.2%. However, cerebrovascular disease and ischemic heart decreased from 2000 to 2010. The rate of cerebrovascular diseases in women, such as stroke, fell from 43.87 in 2000 to 34.99 in 2010. The ischemic heart disease, such as stroke, also had a reduced rate of 34.85 to 30.04.

This reduction shows that the country has qualified assistance to women, but also demonstrates that we must continue prioritizing the causes of deaths of women, such as breast cancer, strengthens the Health Minister Alexandre Padilha.

The improvement in health care, increased life expectancy combined with increased access to information, as well as reducing smoking contributed to having a positive impact in the deaths of young people, said Deborah Malta, director of Situation Analysis in Health Ministry of Health

These diseases have risk factors such as lack of exercise and a diet high in saturated fat, which results in increased levels of cholesterol and hypertension.

"Diseases have risk factors like lack of exercise and a diet high in saturated fat, which results in increased levels of cholesterol and hypertension."

Causes <b> </ b>

Neoplasms are the second largest proportion of deaths among women in 2010, totaling 18.3%. Within the tumors, breast cancer has the highest rate (2.8%), after lung cancer (1.8%) and cancer of the cervix (1.1%).

As a way of preventing câncerde breast and cervix, the Ministry of Health has invested in the National Plan for the Prevention, Diagnosis and Treatment of Cervical Cancer and Breast, launching last year. Among the actions is the incorporation of Trastuzumab, one of the most effective drugs to combat breast cancer and expansion of radiotherapy services in the country.

In the age group from 30 years, circulatory diseases and neoplasms were confirmed as the most frequent causes of death. Already in under 10 years predominated perinatal conditions, and among women 10 to 29 years old, external causes, eg, accidents and assaults.

<b> Fertility </ b>

The study reveals new profile of the female population, pointing to aging since public. From 2000 to 2010, the general fertility rate in Brazil fell from 2.38 to 1.9 children per woman, below the so-called replacement level which is 2.1 children per woman.

In 2010, life expectancy for women was 77.32 years, while that of men was 69.73 years, which corresponds to a difference of more than seven years.

<b> Maternal Mortality </ b>

The study also brought to Brazil Health maternal mortality rate of 2010, which came to 68 deaths per 100 000 live births. In comparison with the last 20 years (1990 to 2010), the ratio of maternal mortality in Brazil fell 50%.

To further reduce these rates, the Ministry of Health last year launched the strategy Stork Network, which has been expanding and qualifying assistance to the woman and the baby. Already received R $ 3.3 billion for implementation of network actions, plus more than $ 89 million to strengthen prenatal care in the SUS. More than 4,800 municipalities have joined the strategy, with the weather service of more than two million pregnant women in the country.

Source: Isaude.net
   Palavras-chave:   Female mortality    Women's health    Ministry of Health    Alexandre Padilha   
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