Public Health
publicado em 11/11/2009 às 16h20:00
   Dê o seu voto:

AIDS is the leading cause of death worldwide for women of childbearing age

Report shows that women's health has been neglected in a variety of areas and needs to be prioritized

 
font size
A-
A+

Some pieces of information on this page may have been automatically translated. Makernews is not responsible for the irregularities resulting from these translations. When in doubt,      consult the original text.



Foto: Divulgação
African woman carrying her daughter. The report states that women and girls are especially vulnerable to HIV infection due to a variety of biological and social factors.
  « Previous
next »  
African woman carrying her daughter. The report states that women and girls are especially vulnerable to HIV infection due to a variety of biological and social factors.

In an unpublished report on the health of women and girls worldwide, the World Health Organization (WHO) states that AIDS-related illnesses are the leading cause of death and injury among women of childbearing age in low and middle income countries, especially in Africa. Also globally, unprotected sex are the main risk factor related to death of women of childbearing age. These data support the argument of the report Women and Health: Evidence Today's, Tomorrow's Schedule (Women and Health: the evidence today, the agenda of tomorrow) that women's health has been neglected in a variety of areas, should now be considered an urgent priority.

The report states that women and girls are especially vulnerable to HIV infection due to a variety of biological and social factors. These include low socioeconomic status, which may limit the choices and lead to high-risk behaviors, norms and laws that subjugate women and prevent them from seeking and obtaining the information they need to ensure their safety. For example, worldwide only 38% of young women know how to describe the principal means of preventing HIV infection and, moreover, is less likely among young women than young men to know that condoms can protect against the virus. Data from 16 countries in sub-Saharan Africa for the period 2001 to 2007, also show that HIV prevalence is generally higher among adolescent girls aged 15 to 19 years than among boys the same age. A significant cause of this phenomenon is that girls have older men as partners and more sexually experienced, more likely to be infected.

Violence against women

Violence is also a major cause of greater female vulnerability to HIV, which may hamper or prevent that women have control over their sexual lives, abstain from sex or to convince their partners to use condoms. The violence or threat of violence, also can cause women to avoid seeking preventive services, treatment, care and support HIV.

For UNAIDS, this is a major area of ​​concern. In that sense, ending violence against women and girls was included as one of nine priority areas of its Results Matrix 2009-11. According to Michel Sidibe, UNAIDS Executive Director, we know there is a strong link between violence against women and HIV. We need to help young people develop the skills necessary to obtain the mutual consent in sexual relations and marriage. This is essential to prevent HIV and to achieve greater gender equality in all aspects of life.

Gender inequalities

The report, Women and Health is an extremely broad scope and addresses various issues related to women's health. In it is shown that the factors that increase women's vulnerability to AIDS also deeply affect the overall health and well-being of women and girls. As argued in the report, the unequal distribution of resources such as education, income, health care and nutrition, as well as political expression, have a very strong association with poor health and wellbeing.

Despite considerable advances in the last two decades, companies still overlook women at critical moments of their lives, said Margaret Chan, WHO Director-General, in the foreword to the report, Women and Health, this neglect is most acute in poor countries and between the poorest women in all countries. Not all women are equally benefited by the recent advances, and a large number of girls and women still can not reach their true potential due to persistent health inequalities, social and gender as well as deficiencies in health systems.

Source: UNAIDS
   Palavras-chave:   AIDS    WHO    HIV    Women and Health    Sub-Saharan Africa   
  • Share this pageShare this page
  • Share this pageCorrect
  • ShareShare
  • AlertAlert
Reduced link: 
  • You are recommending this story: AIDS is the leading cause of death worldwide for women of childbearing age
  • Fill in the following form to send your recommendation to your friend:

  • You are suggesting a correction for this story: AIDS is the leading cause of death worldwide for women of childbearing age


Receba notícias do iSaúde no seu e-mail de acordo com os assuntos de seu interesse.
Seu nome:
Seu email:
Desejo receber um alerta com estes assuntos:
AIDS    WHO    HIV    Women and Health    Sub-Saharan Africa   
Comments:
Comment
Leave your comment
Close
(Required fields are marked with an *)

(Your email address will never be published or shared.)

Enter the letters and numbers below and click in the button "send"

  • Twitter iSaúde
advertising
Informe Saúde printed version

Recommend the portal
Close [X]
  • You are recommending this story: http://www.isaude.net
  • Fill in the following form to send your recommendation to your friend:

RSS news from the portal  iSaúde.net
Get the newsletter of the portal  iSaúde.net
Recommend the portal iSaúde.net
News from  iSaúde.net in your blog or website.
Get news on the subject of your interest.
© 2000-2011 www.isaude.net Todos os direitos reservados.