Public Health
publicado em 03/09/2012 às 15h30:00
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Survey points out that the state recorded average rate of 11.5 deaths per thousand live births, compared to 16.9 in 2000

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The infant mortality rate in São Paulo fell 31% in the last 11 years and reached in 2011. It is pointing the most recent assessment conducted by the Ministry of Health in partnership with Seade.

The rate last year was 11.5 deaths of children under one year of age per 1,000 live births in the state, compared to 16.9 in 2000. The rate puts the state among the areas with lower risk of infant death in Brazil. Infant mortality is the main indicator of public health, according to the World Health Organization (WHO).

The region of Barretos presented in 2011, the lowest infant mortality rate in the state, with 8.1 deaths per 1,000 live births, followed by the region of São José do Rio Preto, with 9.1, and Presidente Prudente, with 9 , 9.

In comparison with 2010, the regions of Presidente Prudente and registration had the largest reductions in the rate of 19.8% and 15%, respectively. 17 regions of Health in the state, 12 had, in 2011, reduced rate compared to the previous year, and 10 reached the lowest levels of infant mortality in history.

In relation to the values ​​of 2000, all regions showed a reduction in infant mortality, highlighting the fall of 52% in Barretos, 49% in the registry, 44% of Presidente Prudente and 42% in Marilia.

As reported by the State Department of Health, increasing the number of Intensive Care Units (ICUs) Neonatal, improved service delivery and to pregnant women, increased access to prenatal care, mass vaccination of children by the Unified Health System (SUS) and state investments in basic health are some of the reasons for the decline in infant mortality rate in the state.

<b> Causes of death </ b>

Perinatal causes, those related to problems in pregnancy, at birth or at birth, accounted for 57% of infant deaths. However, this index has dropped 30% since the year 2000, going from 9.7 to 6.6 deaths per 1,000 live births in the period analyzed.

Between 2000 and 2011 infant deaths due to congenital malformation showed the smallest decrease in rates of only 11%, from 2.8 to 2.5 deaths per thousand live births.

Since the respiratory diseases and infectious and parasitic diseases have relatively little weight as causes of death of children under one year. In 2011, these types of disorders were responsible for 5.6% and 4.4% of deaths, respectively.

   Palavras-chave:   Infant mortality    Mumbai    Ministry of Health    World Health Organization    WHO   
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