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publicado em 08/10/2013 às 14h10:00
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Rheumatism is the second leading cause of absenteeism in Brazil

According to Social Security data, the Osteoarthritis is responsible for 7.5% of all absences from work

 
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Within the set of osteoarticular diseases known popularly as "rheumatism", or the Osteoarthritis Osteoarthritis affects 16.5% of the population over 45 years and comes to achieve up to 65% of people above 60 years. In Brazil, this disease is the second leading cause of absenteeism and disability retirement. According to Social Security data, the Osteoarthritis is responsible for 7.5% of all absences from work. The disease is the second cause of the extension of sickness, with 10.5%, and the fourth cause of early retirement (6.2%).

Osteoarthritis is a chronic disease, and be highly disabling, substantially affects the quality of life of patients, mainly by pain and progressive decrease of mobility, the orthopedist explains José Francisco Nunes Neto.

According to the World Health Organization (WHO), the Osteoarthritis is the fourth most disease that reduces quality of life, living each year. The disease, also called Osteoarthritis (OA) Osteoarthritis or degenerative joint disease, is characterized by erosion of articular cartilage and bone changes, popularly known as parrot beak. Thus there is increased friction between the bones that comprise the joint leading to inflammation and pain.

"There is no permanent cure for osteoarthritis, but treatment can reduce symptoms and improve quality of life for patients."

Symptoms of Osteoarthritis may remain mild or even disappear for long periods when the patient is well attended and walked away. The most important symptom of osteoarthritis is pain in the joints, which usually start lightly and increase in intensity over the years. Stiffness and decreased joint mobility are also among the possible signs of osteoarthritis. Besides the use of medications, physical fitness through aerobic exercise, and a reduction in weight gain are important measures for the control of symptoms, explains the expert.

There is no permanent cure for osteoarthritis, but treatment can reduce symptoms and improve quality of life of patients.

Treatment <b> </ b>

Treatment should be multidisciplinary and seek functional improvement, mechanical and clinical. Conventional treatments for osteoarthritis include pain relievers, anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs) and chondroprotective medications (medications that can slow the progression of the disease). Worldwide demand is a complementary therapy for OA, especially for patients who have contraindications to the use of gastric anti-inflammatory conventional. This is the case of herbal DC Harpagophytum procumbens DC, used for some years in Europe and is currently marketed in Brazil under the name Arpadol.

Since 2011, the SUS included the dry extract of Harpagophytum procumbens DC (Hp) DC, marketed under the name Arpadol in Brazil, the list of free distribution. The addition was made after a thorough analysis of the scientific evidence regarding the substance, used for more than 50 years in Europe. DC Harpagophytum procumbens (Hp) DC has 109 published studies and 75 preclinical and 34 clinical. This gave the product a broad classification of recommendation and evidence.

Source: Isaude.net
   Palavras-chave:   Osteoarthritis    Rheumatism    Osteoarthritis    Social Security    World Health Organization    WHO   
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