Health Profession
publicado em 14/08/2012 às 21h29:00
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Proposal extends compulsory examination of hearing in babies

Project proposes that newborns with signs of deficiency must be immediately taken to specialized treatment

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The Board analyzes project that requires units of health systems that perform public and private deliveries to take the hearing in all newborns. By the proposal (Bill 3203/12) Mr Elisha Padilha (PMDB-RS), newborns with signs of hearing loss should be immediately referred for specialized treatment.

The law already provides for gratuity 12.303/10 the so-called take ouvidinho in all maternity hospitals and Brazilians. The law, which originated the project of former congressman and current Senator Inácio Arruda (PCdoB-CE), compulsory and free makes the test called otoacoustic emissions (ouvidinho test) in all hospitals and maternity hospitals in the country, in children born on its premises. The test detects early hearing problems and should be performed 24 hours after birth. Quick and painless test is done by means of an acoustic stimulus in the baby's ear.

By design of Elisha Padilla, the penalties for failure to comply or a fine ranging from admonition to the cancellation of the operating license of the health unit. The Brazilian Society of Pediatrics (SBP) supports universal newborn hearing screening.

Elisha Padilla notes that the lack of hearing is an obstacle to the integration of the person to the environment. Since the intrauterine development, the child can hear voices and sounds, especially the mother's body, says the author of the project. When hearing loss is manifested at birth, it is essential to detect it quickly, or risk jeopardizing not only speech, but all personal relationships, and are remote chances of achieving full recovery, says the deputy.

In the general population, it is estimated that 1-3 per 1,000 newborns have hearing loss, also says Padilha.

<b> Risk Factors </ b>

The project's author points out that some situations present a greater risk of hearing loss: family history, chromosomal abnormalities, stay in the NICU, congenital infections such as herpes, syphilis, toxoplasmosis and rubella. However, many children with hearing loss do not present any risk factor, which causes the hearing evaluation is recommended for all newborns, justifies Elisha Padilha.

According to the deputy, interventions commenced until six months enable the acquisition of language very close to that considered normal.

<b> Procedure </ b>

The project will be analyzed, conclusive character, by the commissions of Social Security and Family, and the Constitution and Justice and Citizenship.

   Palavras-chave:   Examination hearing    Newborn    Bill    PL    House   
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