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publicado em 08/11/2012 às 10h00:00
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Swaziland invests in the fight against HIV transmission from mother to child

With 41% of pregnant women infected in the country, government provides comprehensive care program during and after pregnancy

 
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Having 41% of pregnant women infected with HIV, Swaziland, South Africa, has acted to combat mother to child transmission. Every year, HIV positive pregnant women give birth to more than 17 000 children exposed to the virus. Sibongile Dlamini is one. She and her children 2 to 8 years living in rural Sithobela east of the country. Sibongile is HIV-positive. She was 28 weeks pregnant when she was the youngest daughter for her first check-up prenatal care. Like all women who go for antenatal care in Swaziland, he was offered counseling and HIV testing. When I heard that he was HIV positive, she enrolled in the government program prevention of mother-to-child transmission (PMTCT), in which the patient receives antiretroviral drugs to block transmission of the virus to the baby.

"When I went to prenatal care, I consented to be tested for HIV. To my surprise, I tested positive. It was not easy to accept that I'm living with HIV. I cried a lot and I could not tell anyone for awhile. I I started the medication and gave birth to a girl who was also initiated with medication administered religiously. She tested negative at six weeks and was thrilled, "says the mother. In country, all infants are exposed to HIV tested upon completion of six weeks of age.

The antenatal care are almost universally available in Swaziland, where 98% of pregnant women using the service at least once. The proportion of births attended by skilled personnel in the country is also high, with 82% of women giving birth in health facilities.

"We are now aiming to eliminate HIV infection among children by 2015 and improve the survival and health of their mothers," said Simon Zwane, director of Health Services Ministry of Health of the country.

The PMTCT was officially launched in 2003 with support from WHO, UNICEF, the Elizabeth Glaser Pediatric AIDS Foundation and other partners. From an initial design of three pilot sites in 2003, the program has spread to 150 sites in 2010.

Source: Isaude.net
   Palavras-chave:   Swaziland    HIV-infected pregnant women    Pregnant    Mother to child   
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