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Return of the largest global conference on the U.S. brand new phase in the fight against AIDS

The theme "Turning the Tide Together" reflects the promising results on the treatment and prevention of HIV biomedical

 
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Foto: IAS/Steve Shapiro
Foto:IAS/Steve Shapiro
Press conference on the XIX International AIDS Conference, held on July 17, 2012 In the French virologist Francoise Barre-Sinoussi, director of Retroviral Infections Unit at the Pasteur Institute of Paris and president-elect of the International AIDS Society (IAS)
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Press conference on the XIX International AIDS Conference, held on July 17, 2012
In the French virologist Francoise Barre-Sinoussi, director of Retroviral Infections Unit at the Pasteur Institute of Paris and president-elect of the International AIDS Society (IAS)

The XIX International AIDS Conference begins on Sunday (22), seeking to emphasize the overall commitment as "crucial to change the course of the AIDS epidemic." Several UN agencies will attend the meeting, including UNICEF, UNAIDS and World Health Organization (WHO).

The 19th edition of the conference's theme is "Turning the Tide Together (Turning the Tide Together)" at a time where science "shows promising results on the treatment of HIV and biomedical prevention." The statement is the International AIDS Society (IAS), organizer of the meeting that occurs every two years and is considered the largest global conference on HIV.

The meeting, which this year is expected to attract about 25,000 scientists, activists and celebrities, was held outside the U.S. for two decades because, in 1987, the U.S. Senate unanimously passed a measure preventing anyone with HIV infection into the country. The 1990 conference in San Francisco, was the first held after the measure passed. Seriously hampered by lack of delegates, the event resulted in a listing of Harvard University, scheduled to host the next edition of the conference, it would withdraw its sponsorship unless the ban caisse. No result, the 1992 conference was held in Amsterdam and was outside the U.S. until President Barack Obama overturned the measure.

The resumption of the conference in the U.S. this year marks a new phase in the epidemic. The latest report from UNAIDS, the UN agency that monitors the global epidemic, reported major changes in the development of the disease worldwide. The report, released Wednesday (18) found that among the 34.2 million people living with HIV only 1.7 million deaths were registered in 2011, compared to 1.8 million a year earlier and a peak 2.3 million in 2005. At the same time, the report said, new infections dropped 20% in the last 10 years.

Meanwhile, after years of disappointments, the search is returning promising results for prevention and treatment. Three years ago, scientists reported the first promising results in the search for an HIV vaccine, considered the key to the global eradication of the disease. Two years ago, researchers published the first partially successful trials that relates the use of microbicide with a cocktail of drugs that can prevent infection. Last year, a study of nine countries showed that the rapid initiation of treatment of infected persons could prevent disease transmission. Since 2007, scientists have been closely following the "progress" Berlin patient, "the only person in more than 30 years of infection, appears to have been cured of HIV.

Conheça o site oficial do evento (em inglês)

Conheça o maior evento do mundo sobre aids. Acompanhe depoimentos várias pessoas vivendo com aids e de autoridades de todo globo, incluindo o presidente americano Barack Obama (em inglês)

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