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publicado em 11/06/2012 às 11h36:00
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Indiscriminate use of antibiotics increases risk of superbug, says body

WHO figures indicate 440,000 cases of resistant TB reported worldwide each year, plus about 150 000 deaths

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Indiscriminate use of drugs, particularly antibiotics, considerably increases the risk of cases superbugs micro-organisms most resistant to treatments available. The alert is director of the Brazilian Society of Infectious Diseases, Marcos Antonio Cyrillo.

Data from the World Health Organization (WHO) indicate that 440 000 cases of multidrug-resistant tuberculosis are reported worldwide each year, plus about 150 000 deaths from superbug infections.

There is also free hospital. Logical that a large hospital and high complexity or a university hospital with multiple beds ICU [intensive care unit] patients with internal and complicated surgeries are the kind of place that may be more resistant bacteria. But no hospital or nursing home with a long stay is free of it, there Cyrillo.

For the infectious disease, the indiscriminate use of antibiotics sets, in a sense, a cultural problem, as the health professional feels safer to prescribe the drug. He thinks he's doing good for the patient, but several factors must be taken into account when making a prevention program as well as guidelines for antibiotic use, reinforced.

In an attempt to contain the superbug cases in Brazil, the National Health Surveillance Agency (ANVISA) has determined that the sale of antibiotics can only be made with the submission of two copies of the prescription. The goal, according to the manager of Surveillance and Monitoring of Health Services, Magda Machado, is to restrict self-medication, since a route is retained by the establishment.

She recalled that after the cases of superbug KPC (Klebsiella pneumoniae carbapenemase) registered in the country in recent years, ANVISA has published a technical note deals with the identification, prevention and control of infections related to multidrug-resistant micro-organisms. Among the obligatorily health units is hand hygiene through the use of alcohol gel for health professionals and visitors.

Francisca Silva, 52, is representative of the laboratory and is afraid of getting any kind of drug-resistant infection. I take some care with hygiene because I work in hospital and therefore are susceptible to all sorts of contamination. Seeking to protect me from any of them, he said.

The housewife Andrea da Silva Queiroz, 34, has lupus, a disease that compromises the immune system, and also cares about keeping habits like washing hands with soap and water when attending health facilities. I think it is missing information about this superbug. In hospitals, it is common to see pamphlets with guidelines on hand hygiene, but many people do not follow.

Cleide Teixeira, 39, is a nurse and worked for 19 years in the same health unit. In addition to hand hygiene, she wears disposable surgical gloves as an alternative to protect yourself and protect patients from multiresistant micro-organisms. We, health professionals, we are exposed to any diseases. We have an obligation to prevent patients from being contaminated, he said.

   Palavras-chave:   Superbug    Antibiotic    Medicine    WHO    World Health Organization   
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