Public Health
publicado em 07/06/2012 às 14h43:00
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In general, cases of burns are second and third degrees. Currently, the unit of 26 beds, 22 are occupied

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Foto: Fhemig/Divulgação
Foto: Fhemig/Divulgação
Mascot makes visit to hospital with burn victims
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Mascot makes visit to hospital with burn victims

The John XXIII Hospital receives an average of 100 burn patients per day, between new, returns and hospitalized. Data Service of Plastic Surgery and Burns of the hospital show that most patients of the Burn Care Unit are male (62.5%), with a mean age of 29 years. In general, burn victims are second or third degree. Currently, the unit of 26 beds, 22 are occupied, of which eight children.

Cartilha de Tratamento aos Queimados pode ser acessada no site do Conselho Federal de Medicina (CFM).

According to information from the unit, the areas most affected are the anterior chest, upper limbs and head. On average, patients remain hospitalized for 23 days. Approximately one quarter, or 15% of affected individuals die as a result of the burns, and the alcohol is the main cause of death in total by more than 50% of cases.

The Head of the Department of Plastic Surgery and Burns, Carlos Eduardo Guimarães Leo emphasizes that burning is a more sociocultural than medical, since in no other country in the world, alcohol is responsible for a significant number of such accidents.

He also warned that the months of June and July represent the most critical moments of the year, considering that there is an increase of 12% to 15% of the number of usual victims. This is due to the characteristics of this period in which, traditionally, the commemoration of the June festivities that extend through July.

Also according to Carlos Eduardo Leon, only the inclusion in the curriculum of elementary schools of a discipline aimed at preventing accidents, put an end to this lack of culture of the danger that characterizes our people, even those most closely connected to social and economic .

The danger of alcohol <b> net </ b>

Only in May this year, 50% of burn cases treated at the Hospital João XXIII had the liquid alcohol as a causative agent. The factor is also responsible for the more extensive burns and the most deaths. Given this bleak picture, it becomes even more evident the need for prevention campaigns and laws prohibiting retail sales of inflammable products, in particular, liquid alcohol, as an effective means of reducing morbidity and mortality resulting from burns.

Another item that should be emphasized in relation to the liquid alcohol is its use in instances autoextermínio attempts. The Service of Plastic Surgery and Burns of HPS reported an annual rate of 18% of these events, with a prevalence of 95% of liquid alcohol as an agent and a mortality rate of 60%.

<b> Ban </ b>

On February 20, 2002, the liquid alcohol was forbidden to be sold at retail by the National Sanitary Surveillance Agency (ANVISA). However, the ban was revoked because of an injunction granted to the industry and the product filler again be sold throughout the country.

The Brazilian Society of Burns found that, for the duration of the ban, there was a drop of 60% of the number of accidents involving alcohol (with a drop greater among children) and a 26% reduction of the severity of burns.

Only in Belo Horizonte, 43% of victims treated at the Burns Unit of Hospital João XXIII were children between zero and ten years old. In this context, the domestic environment is the place where more than half of the accidents, the kitchen is the scenario of 80% of cases. Until the age of four, children are victims of burns due to scalding (due to the action of superheated liquids).

In the ranking of the main causative agents of burns, after the liquid alcohol, the overheated liquid, especially water and oil. Then, a direct flame. Also deserve attention accidents with fireworks, caused by improper handling of these devices in many cases linked to drunkenness.

   Palavras-chave:   Burns    John XXIII Hospital    Belo Horizonte    Minas Gerais   
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