publicado em 05/11/2013 às 23h16:00
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Bodybuilding reduces lipodystrophy in patients with HIV

Patients with lipodystrophy and high cholesterol, submitted to exercise power, showed improvement at the end of the sessions

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A common disease among HIV patients is lipodystrophy, which is characterized by irregular distribution of body fat, which causes the accumulation or loss of same in some areas. To combat this disease, diagnosed seven patients underwent exercise of force, as part of a survey held in the School of Nursing of Ribeirão Preto (PRSP), USP. At the end of sessions, both lipodystrophy and high cholesterol and triglycerides showed improvement.

The author of the study, the physical educator Pedro Pinheiro Neto Paes says that nowadays, with the use of antiretroviral drugs, patients live longer and better with the AIDS virus, but prolonged use of medication has side effects such as lipodystrophy. Furthermore, it is common to high cholesterol and triglycerides. Because of lipodystrophy in the case of a maldistribution of body fat, the teacher thought the exercise as a way to combat the disease in order to verify the relationship between physical activity and negative variables altered by antiretroviral therapy.

Research volunteers for health education and physical activity in promoting quality of life of people living with HIV / AIDS conducted 36 training sessions spread over 12 weeks. Each session was made by heating, strength training and relaxation. At the end of the process, all variables showed a decrease negative. And besides, they also adopted a practice of regular physical activity that positively influenced the quality of life of this group of people, says Neto. It was observed that lipodystrophy and triglycerides were the problems with most significant improvement.

What the author of the study highlights, however, is the improvement of self-esteem reported by them. According to Neto, the biggest gain was the improvement of social life. The practice outside of our training sessions promoted the reintegration into society through physical activity, which was a great gain qualitative research. Although the quantitative effects have been very positive, the biggest complaint of them is still prejudice, which is decreased with this social integration. For the educator, it is important to encourage physical activity in this group because it shows an alternative therapy. That is, gives results and does not involve drugs.

<b> Bodybuilding </ b>

When you think about losing fat, is usually the first association with aerobic exercises, including literature, but we went the other way: the strength training, says study author. He said this was one of the differentials of their study, who worked with high loads of strength: the patients came to lift more than 80% of its maximum capacity for each individual year, during the specific training.

Neto explains that aerobic exercises require much practice time for fat loss and ergogenic factor (calories burned) occurs mainly during the activity. Meanwhile, the activity of force causes the metabolic rate increases, and fat loss occurs throughout the day. And in addition to fat loss, there is still gain muscle mass.

<b> Profile </ b>

Patients selected for the study, which was guided by Bueno Sonia Maria Villela were of both sexes, aged between 37 and 59 years and used the public health service. All of them were taking antiretroviral and had lipodystrophy. Most of them earned between one and four times the minimum wage and only had a higher education.

The survey, conducted at the Hospital das Clinicas, Faculty of Medicine of Ribeirão Preto (HCFMRP), was a partnership between the School of Nursing (PRSP), the Faculty of Medicine (FMRP) and the School of Physical Education and Sport of the city of Ribeirão Preto. The project is ongoing, given another 20 patients with the same activities.

To the author's research is essential to understand that physical activity is important to combat the side effects of prolonged use of antiretroviral drugs, increasing the quality of life. Exercise with weights significantly improves self-esteem and body perception because one sees the result in his own body shape, condition greatly affected by people living with HIV / AIDS concludes.

Source: USP
   Palavras-chave:   AIDS    HIV    Lipodystrophy    Physical exercise    University of Sao Paulo   
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