publicado em 02/05/2012 às 19h05:00
   Dê o seu voto:

Evidence that BMI has an independent and causal effect on heart disease risk

New research shows that the increase of about 4kg/m2 body mass index increases the lifetime risk of disease by 50%

font size

In addition to the many risk factors associated with poor health, reducing body mass index (BMI) will have a considerable and independent impact if you want to reduce the risk of developing ischemic heart disease (IHD). This is the key finding from new research, published in PLoS Medicine, which evaluated the causal relationship between BMI and heart disease in 76,000 individuals.

BMI, alongside age, smoking, diabetes, high blood pressure, high blood cholesterol levels, and individuals who have family history of the disease, has been long recognised as a risk factor for heart disease. Despite this, the actual causal contribution of BMI to disease risk has been difficult to quantify.

New findings from a collaborative effort between the Medical Research Council (MRC) Centre for Causal Analyses in Translational Epidemiology (CAiTE) at the University of Bristol and colleagues from Copenhagen University Hospital, have revealed that an elevation in BMI of around 4kg/m2 across the life-course will increase the risk of developing the disease by 50 per cent on average.

Using genetic data from three large Danish studies the Copenhagen General Population Study, the Copenhagen City Heart Study and the Copenhagen Ischemic Heart Disease Study the researchers were able to use genetic variation known to be related to BMI to measure the true causal effect between this and IHD.

In observational estimates, the researchers found that for every 4 kg increase in BMI a 26 per cent increase in odds for developing IHD, while causal analysis identified a 52 per cent increase.

Dr Timpson, Lecturer in Genetic Epidemiology from the University' s School of Social and Community Medicine, said: " In light of rising obesity levels, these findings are fundamental to improving public health. Our research shows that shifting to a lifestyle that promotes a lower BMI (even if it does nothing else) will reduce the odds of developing the disease."

Professor Børge Nordestgaard, lead author of the study from the University of Copenhagen, added: " These findings are of key importance, as obesity linked to diabetes is the only major cardiovascular risk factor on the rise in North America and Europe, while smoking, cholesterol levels and hypertension have been decreasing."

The paper, entitled The effect of elevated body mass index on ischemic heart disease risk: causal estimates from a Mendelian Randomisation Approach, by Børge Nordestgaard, Tom Palmer, Marianne Benn, Jeppe Zacho, Anne Tybjaerg-Hansen, George Davey-Smith, Nicholas Simpson, is published in PloS Medicine today [01 May 2012].

   Palavras-chave:   Body mass index    BMI    Ischemic heart disease    University of Copenhagen    Børge Nordestgaard   
  • Share this pageShare this page
  • Share this pageCorrect
  • ShareShare
  • AlertAlert
Reduced link: 
  • You are recommending this story: Evidence that BMI has an independent and causal effect on heart disease risk
  • Fill in the following form to send your recommendation to your friend:

  • You are suggesting a correction for this story: Evidence that BMI has an independent and causal effect on heart disease risk

Receba notícias do iSaúde no seu e-mail de acordo com os assuntos de seu interesse.
Seu nome:
Seu email:
Desejo receber um alerta com estes assuntos:
Body mass index    BMI    ischemic heart disease    University of Copenhagen    Børge Nordestgaard   
Leave your comment
(Required fields are marked with an *)

(Your email address will never be published or shared.)

Enter the letters and numbers below and click in the button "send"

  • Twitter iSaúde
Informe Saúde printed version

Recommend the portal
Close [X]
  • You are recommending this story:
  • Fill in the following form to send your recommendation to your friend:

RSS news from the portal  iSaú
Get the newsletter of the portal  iSaú
Recommend the portal iSaú
News from  iSaú in your blog or website.
Get news on the subject of your interest.
© 2000-2011 Todos os direitos reservados.