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publicado em 25/04/2012 às 12h28:00
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Proportion of deaths from malaria is higher outside the Amazon region

Amazon reported less than one death every group of 1000 cases against 21 deaths recorded outside the region

 
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Although the Amazon account for 99% of malaria cases in Brazil, data about the disease the attention in other states. This is because the proportion of malaria deaths outside the Amazon is larger compared to the north, where the disease is considered endemic.

In 2011, each group of 1,000 cases identified in the Amazon was registered less than one death. Outside the Amazon region, the mortality rate was 21 deaths per 1,000 cases, according to a survey by the Ministry of Health In absolute numbers, deaths from malaria in the Amazon region are higher.

Late diagnosis is the villain of the high fatality rate in localities where the disease is not seen as a threat. Why not be common in regions of the country away from the Amazon, Southeast and South, the signs of malaria go unrecognized by doctors or are confused with other diseases such as dengue and influenza. The professionals themselves do not recognize as suspected malaria, warning Ana Carolina Santelli, general coordinator of the National Malaria Control Ministry.

For the coordinator, health professionals should ask patients whether they traveled or worked in areas of Brazil and other countries with high registration of malaria cases, as in the Amazon, Asia and Africa. The question helps in screening who may be infected. This applies to employees of large companies working in various countries and appear with suspected disease, explains.

With a drop of blood, rapid test identifies malaria in 30 minutes. The most common symptoms are headache, body ache, weakness, high fever and chills. If untreated, the disease can progress to a severe and lead to death. Transmission is by the bite of female Anopheles mosquito that is infected by sucking the blood of a sick person. The preferred breeding is the stream with clean water and stopped. Malaria has treatment and cure. No vaccine.

Although the mortality rate is higher outside the Amazon, most federal investments for malaria prevention is to target the North, by registering a high incidence. Last year, the Ministry of Health has released $ 15 million for the installation of one million mosquito nets with insecticides in 47 municipalities of the Amazon - understood by the states of Acre, Amapá, Amazonas, Mato Grosso, Para, Rondonia, Roraima, Tocantins and Maranhao part. The total number of cases in Brazil fell from 610,000 in 2005 to 290,000 in 2011.

On the International Day to Combat Malaria, concluded today (25), the World Health Organization (WHO) urged countries to allocate more resources to stop the disease, present in 99 nations. The global cases dropped from 25% to 33% in Africa in the last decade. Despite the drop, the WHO estimates that are needed $ 7 billion annually to control malaria in the next four years. With this value, estimated to be able to save three million lives by 2015.

Deaths among children concerned. In 2010, 655,000 deaths from malaria around the world, 560,000 were children under 5 years of age equivalent to one per minute - especially in African and Asian countries.

Source: AGÊNCIA BRASIL
   Palavras-chave:   Malaria    Amazon    Fatality rate    The Amazon region    Infectious diseases   
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