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publicado em 13/03/2012 às 13h00:00
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Ministry of Health investigates revival of beriberi in the country

Teams will monitor cases of the disease in Maranhao, Tocantins and Roraima. Three deaths were confirmed in 2010

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Starting this month, municipalities in the states of Maranhao, Tocantins and Roraima will be visited by teams from the Ministry of Health The reason is beriberi, a disease caused by deficiency of vitamin B1 in the body. Since 2006, the country has been notifying cases and three deaths were registered in 2010.

The idea is to know the causes of the resurgence of beriberi in Brazil, which was no record of the disease for at least 80 years, and the incidence in those states. Professionals in the three regions will be able to diagnose the disease, often confused with other illnesses.

A reference guide is ready to guide practitioners. It is not an easy diagnosis, merges with a picture of malnutrition, Helvetius said Magalhaes, Secretary for Health Care Ministry. Our impression is that it is timely.

There is a national survey of cases of beriberi because reporting by doctors is not required, the secretary explained.

Symptoms of beriberi include tiredness, shortness of breath, difficulty walking and pain in the legs. The disease can affect the heart and lead to death. The treatment is the application in the vein and oral vitamin found in foods such as cereals, milk, eggs and fish.

The technicians from the ministry will go through May, the indigenous communities of Roraima, and the cities of Araguaína Tocantinópolis, Tocantins, and Empress and Açailândia in Maranhao.

The Department of Health Maranhão has begun investigating nine suspected cases of beriberi recorded from 2011 until earlier this year, according to Superintendent of Epidemiology, Lily Maria delle Grazie.

In 2006, Maranhão faced an outbreak of beriberi, with more than 1200 cases and 40 deaths. At the time, the cause was a toxin released by a fungus that contaminated a rice production, inhibiting the absorption of vitamin B1. Researchers at the Oswaldo Cruz Foundation (Fiocruz) found that most victims were men aged 20 to 30 years old, living in cities.

Over the past 20 years, experts have found isolated foci of disease in the population. The Dutch physician Christiaan Eijkman was first discovered that beriberi was due to deficiency in supply. The disease name means "can not, can not" in the language of Sri Lanka.

   Palavras-chave:   Beriberi    Ministry of Health    MS    Maranhao    Tocantins    Roraima   
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