Public Health
publicado em 03/01/2012 às 13h06:00
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The hospital is the only state that addresses this problem, receiving an average of 400 to 500 patients per month

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The Para will, in 2012, a public policy to address the people of Pará suffering from cleft lips. A cleft lip is a separation of the upper lip in two parts, something that affects one in every 600 babies in Brazil. In the Amazon, the average is one every 500 live births. Today in Pará the only public hospital that does the treatment is the Ophir Loyola, which meets monthly about 400 to 500 patients in all stages of treatment.

According to the head of the cleft of the hospital, Jorge Reis, are currently operated about 10 to 15 patients a week, not enough, since there is a pent-up demand from 100 to 125 operation guides. The team includes plastic surgeons, otolaryngologists, anesthesiologists, speech, nutrition, nursing and social work. The doctor also explains that people who have cleft lips do not have mental problems, is very rare that this happens. The sooner the operation happens, the better. With three to four months of life the child must operate in the cleft lip and from 12 to 18 months, cleft palate, so we can achieve great results in both aesthetics and especially in relation to speech, as the great is the stigma of cleft Kings voice said.

Before reaching the surgery, the patient goes through social services, pediatrics, nutrition and examinations are made after follow-ups of other specialties such as speech therapy and dentistry. A cleft palate occurs when there is a direct opening between the palate, or roof of the mouth and the nose. During pregnancy, the baby's upper jaw does not close as it should, leaving a gap. A cleft palate is a more serious problem than a cleft lip, although both require corrective surgery. The fissure may be caused by genetic factors and a lack of folic acid in prenatal care, use of abortion and drug use in the case of the forest in the Amazon region.

The creation of a public policy for the treatment of cleft will strengthen the work is carried out in HOL and will decentralize care for the state, since most patients come from other cities and even other states such as Maranhão, Amazon and Tocantins. Today in Brazil there are three referral hospitals and are located in South and Southeast. Jorge Reis has spoken with the Secretary of State for Health, Helio Franco, and is already working on the presentation of the program Sespa.

   Palavras-chave:   Cleft lips    Cleft lip    Pará    Ophir Loyola Hospital    Public hospital    Public policy    Amazon   
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