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publicado em 03/11/2011 às 17h20:00
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Fighting leprosy reduces by 31.5% notifications of the disease throughout the country

From 2001 to 2010, the average annual detection of new cases was 4%, the average healing was 82.3% in 2010

 
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The number of cases of leprosy patients increased from 26.61 per 100 thousand inhabitants in 2001 to 18.22 last year, a decrease of 31.5% in ten years, according to study Brazil Health 2010. From 2001 to 2010, the average annual detection of new cases is 4%, and average cure was obtained in 82.3% of cases detected in 2010. The Ministry of Health attributes these results to scaling up treatment in public facilities and improvements in the social area in Brazil occurred in the last decade, among other reasons.

In 2005, the World Health Organization (WHO) has defined the overall strategy for 2006-2010, based on early case detection and ensuring supply of multidrug therapy (MDT), which consists of treatment with the drug dapsone, rifampicin and clofazimine . This measure has been effective in reducing cases of leprosy in several countries, including Brazil.

According to the Ministry of Health, the best percentage of reduction occurred in the Southeast, with 45.5%, where all states, except the Holy Spirit, achieved the goal of eliminating leprosy as a public health problem. All regions of the country have reduced new cases in the period 2001 to 2010: North (-42.1%), Midwest (-36.6%), South (-30.2%) and Northeast (- 16.9%).

In 2001, the detection rate was 26.6, while the highest peak was recorded in 2003 with 29.4 per 100 000 inhabitants. Data since 2010 show that the general rate of detection is 18.2 per 100 000 inhabitants. These data showing a drop, thanks to health policies that Brazil has adopted and also the participation of social movements linked to leprosy, explains the assistant coordinator of the National Leprosy Control, Magda Levantezi.

The challenge for the coming year, according to the study, is to eliminate or at least mitigate the prejudice surrounding the disease.

Source: Isaude.net
   Palavras-chave:   Leprosy    Brazil Health 2010    Ministry of Health    MS    Dermatolgia    Polychemotherapy    The World Health Organization    WHO   
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Leprosy    Brazil Health 2010    Ministry of Health    MS    dermatolgia    polychemotherapy    the World Health Organization    WHO   
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